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html5 - Split a JavaScript string into fixed-length pieces

问题描述:

I would like to split a string into fixed-length (N, for example) pieces. Of course, last piece could be shorter, if original string's length is not multiple of N.

I need the fastest method to do it, but also the simplest to write. The way I have been doing it until now is the following:

var a = 'aaaabbbbccccee';

var b = [];

for(var i = 4; i < a.length; i += 4){ // length 4, for example

b.push(a.slice(i-4, i));

}

b.push(a.slice(a.length - (4 - a.length % 4))); // last fragment

I think there must be a better way to do what I want. But I don't want extra modules or libraries, just simple JavaScript if it's possible.

Before ask, I have seen some solutions to resolve this problem using other languages, but they are not designed with JavaScript in mind.

网友答案:

You can try this:

var a = 'aaaabbbbccccee';
var b = a.match(/(.{1,4})/g);
网友答案:

See this related question: http://stackoverflow.com/a/10456644/711085 and http://stackoverflow.com/a/8495740/711085 (See performance test in comments if performance is an issue.)

First (slower) link:

[].concat.apply([],
    a.split('').map(function(x,i){ return i%4 ? [] : a.slice(i,i+4) })
)

As a string prototype:

String.prototype.chunk = function(size) {
    return [].concat.apply([],
        this.split('').map(function(x,i){ return i%size ? [] : this.slice(i,i+size) }, this)
    )
}

Demo:

> '123412341234123412'.chunk(4)
["1234", "1234", "1234", "1234", "12"]
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