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java - log4j not printing the stacktrace for exceptions

问题描述:

I am using log4j with tomcat. When I log exceptions in my JSPs, servlets:

private Logger _log = Logger.getLogger(this.getClass());

...

try{...} catch (Exception e) {

_log.error("Error refreshing all prices", e);

}

I only get the first line of the exception, without a stacktrace.

17-Feb 17:37:45 ERROR AutoContrib:175 - Exception while publishing csv file:

java.lang.ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException

Not very helpful at all!

My log4j.properties file (/tomcat/common/classes/log4j.properties) looks like this:

log4j.appender.stdout=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender

log4j.appender.stdout.Target=System.out

log4j.appender.stdout.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout

log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{dd-MMM HH:mm:ss} %5p %c{1}:%L - %m%n

log4j.appender.stdout.threshold=info

log4j.appender.file=org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender

log4j.appender.file.maxFileSize=5000KB

log4j.appender.file.maxBackupIndex=10

log4j.appender.file.File=${catalina.home}/logs/web.log

log4j.appender.file.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout

log4j.appender.file.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{dd-MMM HH:mm:ss} %5p %c{1}:%L - %m%n

log4j.appender.file.threshold=info

log4j.rootLogger=debug, stdout, file

网友答案:

Actually, it's probably due to a hotspot optimization: after a certain number of the same exception being thrown it stops printing out trace. This can be turned off with a VM arg, see:

From http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/relnotes-139183.html :

The compiler in the server VM now provides correct stack backtraces for all "cold" built-in exceptions. For performance purposes, when such an exception is thrown a few times, the method may be recompiled. After recompilation, the compiler may choose a faster tactic using preallocated exceptions that do not provide a stack trace. To disable completely the use of preallocated exceptions, use this new flag: -XX:-OmitStackTraceInFastThrow.

More here:

http://jawspeak.com/2010/05/26/hotspot-caused-exceptions-to-lose-their-stack-traces-in-production-and-the-fix/

网友答案:

What you have posted should display the stack trace as stated in the javadoc.

Note that if you don't include a message (and just call logger.error(ex)) then the stack trace is not logged.

网友答案:

Like answered by @Luhar above, I struggled with same thing and finally this worked for me; Good thing about this approach is we don't have to tinker with system level settings like JVM, Log4J since we never know it may lead to new unexpected surprise !

try {

...
..

} catch (Exception er) {
        ByteArrayOutputStream os = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        er.printStackTrace(new PrintStream(os));
        LOGGER.error(new String(os.toByteArray()));
        //LOGGER.error(er);
}
网友答案:

There are two overloaded methods for error method.

  1. logger.error(ex);
  2. logger.error("some oops string ", ex);

if you use 1st method , which will only print the name of the Exception. if you use 2nd method, some message along with exception which will print complete stack trace similar to e.printStackTrace() method.

网友答案:

I haven't used the fillStackTrace call, so I cannot comment if that will work. Another approach is to use a little method that returns the formatted text from an Exception.

public static String getStackTrace(Exception e)
{
    StringWriter sWriter = new StringWriter();
    PrintWriter pWriter = new PrintWriter(sWriter);
    e.printStackTrace(pWriter);
    return sWriter.toString();
}

In your logging code, you could write:

logger.error("An exception occurred: " + Utils.getStackTrace(e));
网友答案:

I don't see anything wrong with your config, so try to upgrade log4j to a newer (not necessarily the latest) version.

Though not the problem in this case, you'd better make your loggers private static final

网友答案:

Using your code sample:

private static final Logger _log = Logger.getLogger(MyClass.class);
...
try{...} catch (Exception e) {
    //Change
    //_log.error("Error refreshing all prices", e);

   //To
    _log.error("Error refreshing all prices", e.fillInStackTrace());
}

You'll see all the stack trace displayed.

PS. Make Logger a singleton...(check my declaration) just after declaring public class MyClass {

网友答案:

You can add these lines of code in your catch block.

catch (SQLException e) {
            CharArrayWriter cw = new CharArrayWriter();
            PrintWriter w = new PrintWriter(cw);
            e.printStackTrace(w);
            w.close();
            String trace = cw.toString();

    log.error("This is complete stacktrace", trace);
}
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