I searched and implemented things from this forum, it doesn't come out right.
What I'm trying to achieve is to calculate a
spawnPoint for player bullets relative to his
spawnPoint should be and his
X + his width (the player is set to point to the right by default) and
y + height/2 (to spawn from his center on the
This is what I got from this forum:
this.bulletSpawn.x = (float)(this.position.x + this.width/2 + this.width * Math.cos(rotation));
this.bulletSpawn.y = (float)(this.position.y + this.height/2 + this.height/2 * Math.sin(rotation));
rotation is in Radians. The
this is the
Images showing what I expect to happen:
The red dot is the
spawnPoint I'm trying to calculate knowing the player
The player Sprite is what rotates, and it rotates related to his center x and y, which is done with a lib, i do not have these variables. The entire arrow would be the player , the arrow direction is where the player is pointing at, and the red dot would be the bulletSpawn point (or the expected one)
Using the code I posted, the bullets seem to be spawning from somewhere else. Even at the beggining they have an offset and when I rotate the player the
spawnPoint seems to be relative to a different origin than what I'm expecting.
This is the bullet position code:
position.x = holder.bulletSpawn.x - (float)(this.width/2 * holder.rotation);
position.y = holder.bulletSpawn.y - (float)(this.height/2 * holder.rotation);
This is inside the
Bullet class. The
position variable is a
holder is the player instance. This code is merely to give an offset for the bullet to spawn at the center of its own size
I added some fixes related to the comments, but the bullets still have a tiny offset that looks wrong at certain angles.
Basically the distance i want to get is the width of the player, and his center y which is height/2.
Let's initial position is
X0, Y0, rotation is about center point
CX, CY, and rotation angle is
Theta. So new position after rotation is:
NX = CX + (X0-CX) * Cos(Theta) - (Y0-CY) * Sin(Theta) NY = CY + (X0-CX) * Sin(Theta) + (Y0-CY) * Cos(Theta)
This equations describe affine transformation of rotation of arbitrary point about center point, and affine matrix is combination of translation, rotation, and back translation matrices.
About center CX, CY - you wrote
it rotates related to his x and y origin at his bottom left
About initial point coordinate - for bullet it seems to be
X + Width, Y + Height/2