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encoding - Convert a string to a byte array in PowerShell version 2

问题描述:

What I'm trying to do is use SHA1 UTF-8 encryption and then base64 encoding and on a password string value. However, I needed to do the encryption first, then the encoding, but I did it the other way around.

Here is the code:

# Create Input Data

$enc = [system.Text.Encoding]::UTF8

$string1 = "This is a string to hash"

$data1 = $enc.GetBytes($string1)

# Create a New SHA1 Crypto Provider

$sha = New-Object System.Security.Cryptography.SHA1CryptoServiceProvider

$# Now hash and display results

$result1 = $sha.ComputeHash($data1)

So, when I went to do the hashing I realized I had to have a byte[] from the string and I'm not sure how to do that. I'm thinking there is a simple way from the .Net libraries, but couldn't find an example.

So if I have a string, like:

$string = "password"

How do I convert that into a byte array that I can use on :: ComputeHash($string)?

So what I have to end up with is an encrypted SHA-1 and base 64 encoded UTF-8 password, which the code above does, but it's coming back different than when I coded this same thing in java, where I encrypted it first, then converted that result to base 64 encoding.

I'm making the assumption that while encrypting a string directly isn't supported in the api, there may be a work-around that will allow you to do this. That is what I'm attempting to do.

So I'm assuming my issue with the code is that I had to encrypt it first and then encode it to get the correct value. Correct or am I missing something here?

Here is the pertinent java code that does work:

//First method call uses a swing component to get the user entered password.

String password = getPassword();

//This line is where the work starts with the second and third methods below.

String hashed = byteToBase64(getHash(password));

//The second method call here gets the encryption.

public static byte[] getHash(String password) {

MessageDigest digest = null;

byte[] input = null;

try {

digest = MessageDigest.getInstance("SHA-1");

} catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e1) {

e1.printStackTrace();

}

digest.reset();

try {

input = digest.digest(password.getBytes("UTF-8"));

} catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

}

return input;

}

//Then the third method call here gets the encoding, FROM THE ENCRYPTED STRING.

public static String byteToBase64(byte[] data){

return new String(Base64.encodeBase64(data));

When I run the java code with the password string of "password" I get

[91, -86, 97, -28, -55, -71, 63, 63, 6, -126, 37, 11, 108, -8, 51, 27, 126, -26, -113, -40]

which is the encryption.

Then I when the encoding in java I get this:

W6ph5Mm5Pz8GgiULbPgzG37mj9g=

but when I run it in PowerShell I get this because it's encoded first for UTF8:

91 170 97 228 201 185 63 63 6 130 37 11 108 248 51 27 126 230 143 216

Then when I run this line of code to convert it I get an error:

$base64 = [System.Convert]::FromBase64String($result)

Exception calling "FromBase64String" with "1" argument(s): "Invalid length for a Base-64 char array."

At line:1 char:45

However, if I run the new line of code to make it hex from below I get:

$hexResult = [String]::Join("", ($result | % { "{0:X2}" -f $_}))

PS C:\Program Files (x86)\PowerGUI> Write-Host $hexResult

5BAA61E4C9B93F3F0682250B6CF8331B7EE68FD8

but I need to end up with this value:

W6ph5Mm5Pz8GgiULbPgzG37mj9g=

Again, this may not even be possible to do, but I'm trying to find a work-around to see.

网友答案:

You most likely just need to convert your hash to base64 after the last line.

$enc = [system.Text.Encoding]::UTF8
$string1 = "This is a string to hash" 
$data1 = $enc.GetBytes($string1) 

# Create a New SHA1 Crypto Provider 
$sha = New-Object System.Security.Cryptography.SHA1CryptoServiceProvider 

# Now hash and display results 
$result1 = $sha.ComputeHash($data1)
[System.Convert]::ToBase64String($result1)

Text->Bytes->Encrypt/Hash->Base64

That's a very common pattern for sending encrypted data in a text format.

网友答案:

It looks like you're on the right track. You have to pick a character encoding to convert between a string and a byte array. You picked UTF-8 above, but there are other options (e.g. ASCII, UTF-16, etc.).

Encrypting a string directly is not supported.

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