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c# - Is it possible to create a generic Int-to-Enum Converter?

问题描述:

I'd like to be able to say

<DataTrigger Binding="{Binding SomeIntValue}"

Value="{x:Static local:MyEnum.SomeValue}">

and to have it resolve as True if the int value is equal to (int)MyEnum.Value

I know I could make a Converter that returns (MyEnum)intValue, however then I'd have to make a converter for every Enum type I use in my DataTriggers.

Is there a generic way to create a converter that would give me this kind of functionality?

网友答案:

I think I figured it out

I just needed to set my ConverterParameter instead of the Value equal to the Enum I am looking for, and evaluate for True/False

<DataTrigger Value="True"
             Binding="{Binding SomeIntValue, 
                 Converter={StaticResource IsIntEqualEnumConverter},
                 ConverterParameter={x:Static local:MyEnum.SomeValue}}">

Converter

public object Convert(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, CultureInfo culture)
{
    if (parameter == null || value == null) return false;

    if (parameter.GetType().IsEnum && value is int)
    {
        return (int)parameter == (int)value;
    } 
    return false;
}
网友答案:

It is possible to create a converter between enum values and their underlying integral types in a reusable way -- that is, you don't need to define a new converter for each enum types. There's enough information provided to Convert and ConvertBack for this.

public sealed class BidirectionalEnumAndNumberConverter : IValueConverter
{
    public object Convert(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, CultureInfo culture)
    {
        if (value == null)
            return null;

        if (targetType.IsEnum)
        {
            // convert int to enum
            return Enum.ToObject(targetType, value);
        }

        if (value.GetType().IsEnum)
        {
            // convert enum to int
            return System.Convert.ChangeType(
                value,
                Enum.GetUnderlyingType(value.GetType()));
        }

        return null;
    }

    public object ConvertBack(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, CultureInfo culture)
    {
        // perform the same conversion in both directions
        return Convert(value, targetType, parameter, culture);
    }
}

When invoked, this converter flips the value's type between int/enum value based purely on the value and targetType values. There are no hard-coded enum types.

网友答案:

You could also go the other way around and convert the enum to int for the Value using a custom Markup Extension.

Example

<DataTrigger Binding="{Binding Path=MyNumber}"
             Value="{Markup:EnumToInt {x:Static Visibility.Visible}}">

EnumToIntExtension

public class EnumToIntExtension : MarkupExtension
{
    public object EnumValue
    {
        get;
        set;
    }
    public EnumToIntExtension(object enumValue)
    {
        this.EnumValue = enumValue;
    } 
    public override object ProvideValue(IServiceProvider provider)
    {
        if (EnumValue != null && EnumValue is Enum)
        {
            return System.Convert.ToInt32(EnumValue);
        }
        return -1;
    }
}
网友答案:

You could do a ToString() on the int value and then pass that into the static Enum.Parse or Enum.TryParse method which takes the enum type you care about and returns the appropriate value.

This isn't a perfect solution though because it won't work with integers that represent the binary ORing of multiple enum values

网友答案:

We've wanted to do this a few times in the past as well, so we built several extension methods (on int, long, etc) to help us out. The core of all of these is implemented in a single static generic TryAsEnum method:

    /// <summary>
    /// Helper method to try to convert a value to an enumeration value.
    /// 
    /// If <paramref name="value"/> is not convertable to <typeparam name="TEnum"/>, an exception will be thrown
    /// as documented by Convert.ChangeType.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="value">The value to convert to the enumeration type.</param>
    /// <param name="outEnum">The enumeration type value.</param>
    /// <returns>true if value was successfully converted; false otherwise.</returns>
    /// <exception cref="InvalidOperationException">Thrown if <typeparamref name="TEnum"/> is not an enum type. (Because we can't specify a generic constraint that T is an Enum.)</exception>
    public static bool TryAsEnum<TValue, TEnum>( TValue value, out TEnum outEnum ) where TEnum : struct
    {
        var enumType = typeof( TEnum );

        if ( !enumType.IsEnum )
        {
            throw new InvalidOperationException( string.Format( "{0} is not an enum type.", enumType.Name ) );
        }

        var valueAsUnderlyingType = Convert.ChangeType( value, Enum.GetUnderlyingType( enumType ) );

        if ( Enum.IsDefined( enumType, valueAsUnderlyingType ) )
        {
            outEnum = (TEnum) Enum.ToObject( enumType, valueAsUnderlyingType );
            return true;
        }

        // IsDefined returns false if the value is multiple composed flags, so detect and handle that case

        if( enumType.GetCustomAttributes( typeof( FlagsAttribute ), inherit: true ).Any() )
        {
            // Flags attribute set on the enum. Get the enum value.
            var enumValue = (TEnum)Enum.ToObject( enumType, valueAsUnderlyingType );

            // If a value outside the actual enum range is set, then ToString will result in a numeric representation (rather than a string one).
            // So if a number CANNOT be parsed from the ToString result, we know that only defined values have been set.
            decimal parseResult;
            if( !decimal.TryParse( enumValue.ToString(), out parseResult ) )
            {
                outEnum = enumValue;
                return true;
            }
        }

        outEnum = default( TEnum );
        return false;
    }

This implementation handles Enums with any underlying type, as well as enums defined with the [Flags] attribute.

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