当前位置: 动力学知识库 > 问答 > 编程问答 >

delphi - Convert BitMap to string without line breaks?

问题描述:

Somewhere I found this code to convert a BitMap to a string:

function Base64FromBitmap(Bitmap: TBitmap): string;

var

Input: TBytesStream;

Output: TStringStream;

begin

Input := TBytesStream.Create;

try

Bitmap.SaveToStream(Input);

Input.Position := 0;

Output := TStringStream.Create('', TEncoding.ASCII);

try

Soap.EncdDecd.EncodeStream(Input, Output);

Result := Output.DataString;

finally

Output.Free;

end;

finally

Input.Free;

end;

end;

However, this gives back a block of wrapped lines. Is it possible to get one single line without line breaks?

网友答案:

XE7 introduces the System.NetEncoding unit which contains a base64 encoder. This is intended to be used rather than the encoder from Soap.EncdDecd.

The constructor of TBase64Encoding has overloads that allow you to specify characters per line (and line break text). Unfortunately Embarcadero haven't deigned to provide documentation yet so we need to read the source to work out what exactly to pass. Having done that, it becomes clear that line breaks are inserted only if the number of characters per line is strictly positive. So create an encoding object like this:

Encoding := TBase64Encoding.Create(0);

Once you have a suitable encoding object use Encode to encode your stream of bytes to text. And Decode to reverse the process.

That could look like this:

function Base64FromBitmap(Bitmap: TBitmap): string;
var
  Input: TBytesStream;
  Output: TStringStream;
  Encoding: TBase64Encoding;
begin
  Input := TBytesStream.Create;
  try
    Bitmap.SaveToStream(Input);
    Input.Position := 0;
    Output := TStringStream.Create('', TEncoding.ASCII);
    try
      Encoding := TBase64Encoding.Create(0);
      try
        Encoding.Encode(Input, Output);
        Result := Output.DataString;
      finally
        Encoding.Free;
      end;
    finally
      Output.Free;
    end;
  finally
    Input.Free;
  end;
end;

procedure BitmapFromBase64(Base64: string; Bitmap: TBitmap);
var
  Input: TStringStream;
  Output: TBytesStream;
  Encoding: TBase64Encoding;
begin
  Input := TStringStream.Create(Base64, TEncoding.ASCII);
  try
    Output := TBytesStream.Create;
    try
      Encoding := TBase64Encoding.Create(0);
      try
        Encoding.Decode(Input, Output);
        Output.Position := 0;
        Bitmap.LoadFromStream(Output);
      finally
        Encoding.Free;
      end;
    finally
      Output.Free;
    end;
  finally
    Input.Free;
  end;
end;

Alternatively you can use EncodeBytesToString and DecodeStringToBytes. Which might look like this:

function Base64FromBitmap(Bitmap: TBitmap): string;
var
  Stream: TBytesStream;
  Encoding: TBase64Encoding;
begin
  Stream := TBytesStream.Create;
  try
    Bitmap.SaveToStream(Stream);
    Encoding := TBase64Encoding.Create(0);
    try
      Result := Encoding.EncodeBytesToString(Copy(Stream.Bytes, 0, Stream.Size));
    finally
      Encoding.Free;
    end;
  finally
    Stream.Free;
  end;
end;

procedure BitmapFromBase64(Base64: string; Bitmap: TBitmap);
var
  Stream: TBytesStream;
  Bytes: TBytes;
  Encoding: TBase64Encoding;
begin
  Stream := TBytesStream.Create;
  try
    Encoding := TBase64Encoding.Create(0);
    try
      Bytes := Encoding.DecodeStringToBytes(Base64);
      Stream.WriteData(Bytes, Length(Bytes));
      Stream.Position := 0;
      Bitmap.LoadFromStream(Stream);
    finally
      Encoding.Free;
    end;
  finally
    Stream.Free;
  end;
end;

What would be really good would be if we could have something like the compression and decompression streams that are available with zlib. We could create an encoding stream, save the bitmap to it, and read out the base64 text. In the other direction we'd feed base64 text into a decoding stream, and then load the bitmap from it. This should really be part of the NetEncoding unit, but it would be simple enough to add as a class helper.

网友答案:

Soap.EncdDecd.EncodeStream() is hard-coded to output a line break every 75 characters. The only way to change that is to make a copy of Soap.EncdDecd.pas, edit it, and then add the copy to your project (and this approach does not work if your project has Runtime Packages enabled).

You can use Indy's TIdEncoderMIME class as an alternative. It does not output line breaks:

uses
  ..., IdCoderMIME;

function Base64FromBitmap(Bitmap: TBitmap): string;
var
  Input: TMemoryStream;
begin
  Input := TMemoryStream.Create;
  try
    Bitmap.SaveToStream(Input);
    Input.Position := 0;
    Result := TIdEncoderMIME.EncodeStream(Input);
  finally
    Input.Free;
  end;
end;
分享给朋友:
您可能感兴趣的文章:
随机阅读: