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promise - AngularJS $q. Deferred queue

问题描述:

I have array (f.e. it is queue of files):

[{deferred: fileDef, data: file}, {...}, ...]

Each fileDef and file send to upload function which return fileDef.promise and call fileDef.resolve or fileDef.reject after uploading.

I want upload files in order: next file upload after previous file is loaded.

Now I use

var queue = [];

var uploading = false;

//file input callback call each time the user selects files

function addAndUpload (file) {

queue.push({deferred: $q.defer(), data: file});

if (!uploading) recurceQueue();

function recurceQueue () {

if (queue.length) {

uploading = true;

var fileObj = queue.shift();

upload(fileObj.deferred, fileObj.data);

fileObj.deferred.promise.finally(function () {

uploading = false;

recurceQueue();

})

}

}

}

But it seems bad. How to write better?

网友答案:

Don't use a queue and that boolean flag, just have one variable storing a promise representing all uploads. Also, your upload function should not take a Deferred object to resolve as an argument, but simply return a new promise.

Then the addAnUpload becomes as simple as

var allUploads = $q.when(); // init with resolved promise

function AddAnUpload(file) {
    allUploads = allUploads.then(function() {
        return upload(file);
    });
}

With the closure, you don't need that queue to store the waiting uploads any more. If you want allUploads to fulfill always, even if one upload fails, you need to return an always-fulfilling promise from the then-callback:

        return upload(file).then(null, function(err) {
            console.log(err, "does not matter");
        }); // fulfills with undefined in error case
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