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How can I do a shallow comparison of the properties of two objects with Javascript or lodash?

问题描述:

Is there a way I can do a shallow comparison that will not go down and compare the contents of objects inside of objects in Javascript or lodash? Note that I did check lodash, but it appears to perform a deep comparison which I don't want to do.

var a = { x: 1, y: 2}

var b = { x: 1, y: 3}

Is there some way for example to compare a and b?

网友答案:
function areEqualShallow(a, b) {
    for(var key in a) {
        if(!(key in b) || a[key] !== b[key]) {
            return false;
        }
    }
    for(var key in b) {
        if(!(key in a) || a[key] !== b[key]) {
            return false;
        }
    }
    return true;
}

Notes:

  • Since this is shallow, areEqualShallow({a:{}}, {a:{}}) is false.

  • areEqualShallow({a:undefined}, {}) is false.

  • This includes any properties from the prototype.

  • This uses === comparison. I assume that is what you want. NaN === NaN is one case that may yield unexpected results. If === is not what you want, substitute with the comparison you want.


EDIT: If the same keys are in each object, then

function areEqualShallow(a, b) {
    for(var key in a) {
        if(a[key] !== b[key]) {
            return false;
        }
    }
    return true;
}
网友答案:

To do a "shallow" comparison where inherited properties should be ignored and NaN should equal NaN, the following should do the job. It checks that each object has the same own properties and that the values are === or both NaN:

function checkProperties(a, b) {
    var equal = true;

    // For each property of a
    for (var p in a) {

        // Check that it's an own property
        if (a.hasOwnProperty(p)) {

            // Check that b has a same named own property and that the values
            // are === or both are NaN
            if (!b.hasOwnProperty(p) || (b[p] !== a[p] && !(isNaN(b[p] && isNaN(a[p]))))) {

                // If not, set equal to false
                equal = false;
            }
        }

        // If equal is false, stop processing properties
        if (!equal) break;
    }
    return equal;
}

// Compare a to b and b to a
function areEqualShallow(a, b) {
  return checkProperties(a, b) && checkProperties(b, a);
}
网友答案:

This is lifted from fbjs:

/**
 * Copyright (c) 2013-present, Facebook, Inc.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This source code is licensed under the BSD-style license found in the
 * LICENSE file in the root directory of this source tree. An additional grant
 * of patent rights can be found in the PATENTS file in the same directory.
 *
 * @typechecks
 *
 */

/*eslint-disable no-self-compare */

'use strict';

var hasOwnProperty = Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty;

/**
 * inlined Object.is polyfill to avoid requiring consumers ship their own
 * https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Object/is
 */
function is(x, y) {
    // SameValue algorithm
    if (x === y) {
        // Steps 1-5, 7-10
        // Steps 6.b-6.e: +0 != -0
        return x !== 0 || 1 / x === 1 / y;
    } else {
        // Step 6.a: NaN == NaN
        return x !== x && y !== y;
    }
}

/**
 * Performs equality by iterating through keys on an object and returning false
 * when any key has values which are not strictly equal between the arguments.
 * Returns true when the values of all keys are strictly equal.
 */
function shallowEqual(objA, objB) {
    if (is(objA, objB)) {
        return true;
    }

    if (typeof objA !== 'object' || objA === null || typeof objB !== 'object' || objB === null) {
        return false;
    }

    var keysA = Object.keys(objA);
    var keysB = Object.keys(objB);

    if (keysA.length !== keysB.length) {
        return false;
    }

    // Test for A's keys different from B.
    for (var i = 0; i < keysA.length; i++) {
        if (!hasOwnProperty.call(objB, keysA[i]) || !is(objA[keysA[i]], objB[keysA[i]])) {
            return false;
        }
    }

    return true;
}

module.exports = shallowEqual;

I recommend copying it into your own project if you need to use it, as their README clearly states that they may remove or modify this and any other code in the lib without warning.

网友答案:

Paul Draper's solution can be optimized by removing the compare in the second pass.

function areEqualShallow(a, b) {
  for (let key in a) {
    if (!(key in b) || a[key] !== b[key]) {
      return false;
    }
  }
  for (let key in b) {
    if (!(key in a)) {
      return false;
    }
  }
  return true;
}
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