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javascript - How do I replace text inside a div element?

问题描述:

I need to set the text within a DIV element dynamically. What is the best, browser safe approach? I have prototypejs and scriptaculous available.

<div id="panel">

<div id="field_name">TEXT GOES HERE</div>

</div>

Here's what the function will look like:

function showPanel(fieldName) {

var fieldNameElement = document.getElementById('field_name');

//Make replacement here

}

网友答案:

I would use Prototype's update method which supports plain text, an HTML snippet or any JavaScript object that defines a toString method.

$("field_name").update("New text");
  • Element.update documentation
网友答案:

You can simply use:

fieldNameElement.innerHTML = "My new text!";
网友答案:

function showPanel(fieldName) {
  var fieldNameElement = document.getElementById("field_name");
  while(fieldNameElement.childNodes.length >= 1) {
    fieldNameElement.removeChild(fieldNameElement.firstChild);
  }
  fieldNameElement.appendChild(fieldNameElement.ownerDocument.createTextNode(fieldName));
}

The advantages of doing it this way:

  1. It only uses the DOM, so the technique is portable to other languages, and doesn't rely on the non-standard innerHTML
  2. fieldName might contain HTML, which could be an attempted XSS attack. If we know it's just text, we should be creating a text node, instead of having the browser parse it for HTML

If I were going to use a javascript library, I'd use jQuery, and do this:


  $("div#field_name").text(fieldName);

Note that @AnthonyWJones' comment is correct: "field_name" isn't a particularly descriptive id or variable name.

网友答案:

Updated for everyone reading this in 2013 and later:

This answer has a lot of SEO, but all the answers are severely out of date and depend on libraries to do things that all current browsers do out of the box.

To replace text inside a div element, use Node.textContent, which is provided in all current browsers.

fieldNameElement.textContent = "New text";
网友答案:
$('field_name').innerHTML = 'Your text.';

One of the nifty features of Prototype is that $('field_name') does the same thing as document.getElementById('field_name'). Use it! :-)

John Topley's answer using Prototype's update function is another good solution.

网友答案:

The quick answer is to use innerHTML (or prototype's update method which pretty much the same thing). The problem with innerHTML is you need to escape the content being assigned. Depending on your targets you will need to do that with other code OR

in IE:-

document.getElementById("field_name").innerText = newText;

in FF:-

document.getElementById("field_name").textContent = newText;

(Actually of FF have the following present in by code)

HTMLElement.prototype.__defineGetter__("innerText", function () { return this.textContent; })

HTMLElement.prototype.__defineSetter__("innerText", function (inputText) { this.textContent = inputText; })

Now I can just use innerText if you need widest possible browser support then this is not a complete solution but neither is using innerHTML in the raw.

网友答案:

nodeValue is also a standard DOM property you can use:

function showPanel(fieldName) {
  var fieldNameElement = document.getElementById(field_name);
  if(fieldNameElement.firstChild)
    fieldNameElement.firstChild.nodeValue = "New Text";
}
网友答案:

If you really want us to just continue where you left off, you could do:

if (fieldNameElement)
    fieldNameElement.innerHTML = 'some HTML';
网友答案:
el.innerHTML='';
el.appendChild(document.createTextNode("yo"));
网友答案:

If you're inclined to start using a lot of JavaScript on your site, jQuery makes playing with the DOM extremely simple.

http://docs.jquery.com/Manipulation

Makes it as simple as: $("#field-name").text("Some new text.");

网友答案:
function showPanel(fieldName) {
  var fieldNameElement = document.getElementById(field_name);

  fieldNameElement.removeChild(fieldNameElement.firstChild);
  var newText = document.createTextNode("New Text");
  fieldNameElement.appendChild(newText);
}
网友答案:

Here's an easy jQuery way:

var el = $('#yourid .yourclass');

el.html(el.html().replace(/Old Text/ig, "New Text"));
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