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c# - Change system date programmatically

问题描述:

How can I change the local system's date & time programmatically with C#?

网友答案:

Here is where I found the answer.

I have reposted it here to improve clarity.

Define this structure:

[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
public struct SYSTEMTIME
{
    public short wYear;
    public short wMonth;
    public short wDayOfWeek;
    public short wDay;
    public short wHour;
    public short wMinute;
    public short wSecond;
    public short wMilliseconds;
}

Add the following extern method to your class:

[DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError = true)]
public static extern bool SetSystemTime(ref SYSTEMTIME st);

Then call the method with an instance of your struct like this:

SYSTEMTIME st = new SYSTEMTIME();
st.wYear = 2009; // must be short
st.wMonth = 1;
st.wDay = 1;
st.wHour = 0;
st.wMinute = 0;
st.wSecond = 0;

SetSystemTime(ref st); // invoke this method.
网友答案:

You can use a call to a DOS command but the invoke of the function in the windows dll is a better way to do it.

public struct SystemTime
{
    public ushort Year;
    public ushort Month;
    public ushort DayOfWeek;
    public ushort Day;
    public ushort Hour;
    public ushort Minute;
    public ushort Second;
    public ushort Millisecond;
};

[DllImport("kernel32.dll", EntryPoint = "GetSystemTime", SetLastError = true)]
public extern static void Win32GetSystemTime(ref SystemTime sysTime);

[DllImport("kernel32.dll", EntryPoint = "SetSystemTime", SetLastError = true)]
public extern static bool Win32SetSystemTime(ref SystemTime sysTime);

private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    // Set system date and time
    SystemTime updatedTime = new SystemTime();
    updatedTime.Year = (ushort)2009;
    updatedTime.Month = (ushort)3;
    updatedTime.Day = (ushort)16;
    updatedTime.Hour = (ushort)10;
    updatedTime.Minute = (ushort)0;
    updatedTime.Second = (ushort)0;
    // Call the unmanaged function that sets the new date and time instantly
    Win32SetSystemTime(ref updatedTime);
}  
网友答案:
  1. PInvoke to call Win32 API SetSystemTime,(example)
  2. System.Management classes with WMI class Win32_OperatingSystem and call SetDateTime on that class.

Both require that the caller has been granted SeSystemTimePrivilege and that this privilege is enabled.

网友答案:

A lot of great viewpoints and approaches are already here, but here are some specifications that are currently left out and that I feel might trip up and confuse some people.

  1. On Windows Vista, 7, 8 OS this will require a UAC Prompt in order to obtain the necessary administrative rights to successfully execute the SetSystemTime function. The reason is that calling process needs the SE_SYSTEMTIME_NAME privilege.
  2. The SetSystemTime function is expecting a SYSTEMTIME struct in coordinated universal time (UTC). It will not work as desired otherwise.

Depending on where/ how you are getting your DateTime values, it might be best to play it safe and use ToUniversalTime() before setting the corresponding values in the SYSTEMTIME struct.

Code example:

DateTime tempDateTime = GetDateTimeFromSomeService();
DateTime dateTime = tempDateTime.ToUniversalTime();

SYSTEMTIME st = new SYSTEMTIME();
// All of these must be short
st.wYear = (short)dateTime.Year;
st.wMonth = (short)dateTime.Month;
st.wDay = (short)dateTime.Day;
st.wHour = (short)dateTime.Hour;
st.wMinute = (short)dateTime.Minute;
st.wSecond = (short)dateTime.Second;

// invoke the SetSystemTime method now
SetSystemTime(ref st); 
网友答案:

Since I mentioned it in a comment, here's a C++/CLI wrapper:

#include <windows.h>
namespace JDanielSmith
{
    public ref class Utilities abstract sealed /* abstract sealed = static */
    {
    public:
        CA_SUPPRESS_MESSAGE("Microsoft.Security", "CA2122:DoNotIndirectlyExposeMethodsWithLinkDemands")
        static void SetSystemTime(System::DateTime dateTime) {
            LARGE_INTEGER largeInteger;
            largeInteger.QuadPart = dateTime.ToFileTimeUtc(); // "If your compiler has built-in support for 64-bit integers, use the QuadPart member to store the 64-bit integer."


            FILETIME fileTime; // "...copy the LowPart and HighPart members [of LARGE_INTEGER] into the FILETIME structure."
            fileTime.dwHighDateTime = largeInteger.HighPart;
            fileTime.dwLowDateTime = largeInteger.LowPart;


            SYSTEMTIME systemTime;
            if (FileTimeToSystemTime(&fileTime, &systemTime))
            {
                if (::SetSystemTime(&systemTime))
                    return;
            }


            HRESULT hr = HRESULT_FROM_WIN32(GetLastError());
            throw System::Runtime::InteropServices::Marshal::GetExceptionForHR(hr);
        }
    };
}

The C# client code is now very simple:

JDanielSmith.Utilities.SetSystemTime(DateTime.Now);
网友答案:

Use this function to change the time of system (tested in window 8)

 void setDate(string dateInYourSystemFormat)
    {
        var proc = new System.Diagnostics.ProcessStartInfo();
        proc.UseShellExecute = true;
        proc.WorkingDirectory = @"C:\Windows\System32";
        proc.CreateNoWindow = true;
        proc.FileName = @"C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe";
        proc.Verb = "runas";
        proc.Arguments = "/C date " + dateInYourSystemFormat;
        try
        {
            System.Diagnostics.Process.Start(proc);
        }
        catch
        {
            MessageBox.Show("Error to change time of your system");
            Application.ExitThread();
        }
    }
void setTime(string timeInYourSystemFormat)
    {
        var proc = new System.Diagnostics.ProcessStartInfo();
        proc.UseShellExecute = true;
        proc.WorkingDirectory = @"C:\Windows\System32";
        proc.CreateNoWindow = true;
        proc.FileName = @"C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe";
        proc.Verb = "runas";
        proc.Arguments = "/C time " + timeInYourSystemFormat;
        try
        {
            System.Diagnostics.Process.Start(proc);
        }
        catch
        {
            MessageBox.Show("Error to change time of your system");
            Application.ExitThread();
        }
    }

Example: Call in load method of form setDate("5-6-92"); setTime("2:4:5 AM");

网友答案:

proc.Arguments = "/C Date:" + dateInYourSystemFormat;

This Is Work Function:

void setDate(string dateInYourSystemFormat)
{
    var proc = new System.Diagnostics.ProcessStartInfo();
    proc.UseShellExecute = true;
    proc.WorkingDirectory = @"C:\Windows\System32";
    proc.CreateNoWindow = true;
    proc.FileName = @"C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe";
    proc.Verb = "runas";
    proc.Arguments = "/C Date:" + dateInYourSystemFormat;
    try
    {
        System.Diagnostics.Process.Start(proc);
    }
    catch
    {
        MessageBox.Show("Error to change time of your system");
        Application.ExitThread();
    }
}
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