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javascript - Convert nested array into object

问题描述:

An API I'm talking to returns it's registry in a very odd nested array structure. I want to convert this monstrosity into an object so my application has easy access to whole objects stored within this output.

The output the API gives me looks like this:

[

[ "settings", "autoLogout", "false" ],

[ "settings", "autoLogoutMinutes", "60" ],

[ "settings", "presets", "true" ],

[ "controller", "rs232", "ip", "192.168.1.11" ],

[ "controller", "rs232", "name", "NX-22" ],

[ "source", "M23836", "slot1", "ip", "192.168.1.30" ]

]

The last value in each array represents the value of an entry, everything before that last one adds up to the key used to save the value. Because of size limitations I can't just drop big json-encoded objects in there, so thats not a viable workaround.

I've now made a pretty dirty and slow solution involving 2 eval()'s. (I know... that's a no-no so I'm looking for a better solution) I'm guessing this can be done loads faster, but I can't figure out how...

The snippet below uses angular because my application is Angular based, but I'm open to any fast/clean solution. A vanilla js approach or some clever use of something like lodash or underscore would be very welcome.

My dirty and slow solution now

function DemoCtrl($scope){$scope.data = [

[ "settings", "autoLogout", "false" ],

[ "settings", "autoLogoutMinutes", "60" ],

[ "settings", "presets", "true" ],

[ "controller", "rs232", "ip", "192.168.1.11" ],

[ "controller", "rs232", "name", "NX-22" ],

[ "source", "M23836", "slot1", "ip", "192.168.1.30" ]

]

$scope.init = function(){

var registry = {};

angular.forEach($scope.data, function(entry){

var keys = '';

entry.forEach(function(value, key, entry){

if( key != entry.length - 1 ){

//not last of array, so must be a key

keys += '[\'' + value + '\']';

// check if the object already exists

if( !angular.isDefined( eval('registry' + keys) ) ){

eval('registry' + keys + ' = {}');

}

}else{//last one in this entry, must be the valueeval('registry' + keys + ' = \'' + value + '\'');}

});

});

console.log('registry final');

console.log(registry);

$scope.registry = registry;

}

}

<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.2.23/angular.min.js"></script>

<div ng-app>

<div ng-controller="DemoCtrl" ng-init="init()">

<pre>{{ registry | json }}</pre>

</div>

</div>

网友答案:

A compact solution which avoids the calculation of the value position in the array.

var array = [
        ["settings", "autoLogout", "false"],
        ["settings", "autoLogoutMinutes", "60"],
        ["settings", "presets", "true"],
        ["controller", "rs232", "ip", "192.168.1.11"],
        ["controller", "rs232", "name", "NX-22"],
        ["source", "M23836", "slot1", "ip", "192.168.1.30"]
    ],
    obj = {};

array.forEach(function (a) {
    var p = obj,
        v = a.pop(),
        k = a.reduce(function (r, b) {
            p[r] = p[r] || {};
            p = p[r];
            return b;
        });
    p[k] = v;
});

document.write('<pre>' + JSON.stringify(obj, 0, 4) + '</pre>');
网友答案:

Here's a solution that fits your need. Also, please, never use eval. There's always a better way in JavaScript.

You can adapt the code below to your use case.

var data = [ 
    [ "settings", "autoLogout", "false" ], 
    [ "settings", "autoLogoutMinutes", "60" ], 
    [ "settings", "presets", "true" ], 
    [ "controller", "rs232", "ip", "192.168.1.11" ], 
    [ "controller", "rs232", "name", "NX-22" ], 
    [ "source", "M23836", "slot1", "ip", "192.168.1.30" ]
];

var o = {};

data.forEach(function(a) {
  var keys = a.slice(0, a.length-2);
  var cur = o;

  keys.forEach(function(k) {
    if (cur[k] == null) {
      cur[k] = {};
    }
    cur = cur[k];
  });

  cur[a[a.length-2]] = a[a.length-1]
});

output.innerHTML = JSON.stringify(o, null, 2);
<pre id='output'></pre>
网友答案:

Basically you just have loop over them and create nested objects. You don't need to use eval for this. There are a lot of reasons why you shouldn't use it. Performance, security, debuggability (https://www.nczonline.net/blog/2013/06/25/eval-isnt-evil-just-misunderstood/)

var asObject = {}
//loop over them
data.forEach(function(val) {
    //create the top level object that matches the key if it doesn't exist
   if (!asObject.hasOwnProperty(val[0])) {
    asObject[val[0]] = {};
   }
   //store it 
   var theHolder = asObject[val[0]];
   //loop over all the middle elements creating nested object 
   for (var index = 1; index < val.length - 2; index++) {
       var element = val[index];
       if (!theHolder.hasOwnProperty[element]) {
           theHolder[element] = {};
       } 
       theHolder = theHolder[element]
   }
    //the last one is the value, so just set it
    var lastKey = val[val.length - 2];
    theHolder[lastKey] = val[val.length - 1];
});

console.log(asObject);
网友答案:
var someObj = $scope.data.reduce(function(accum, array) {
    var value = array.pop(); //pulls last item off of array

    //takes the remaining items and condenses them into 1 string
    var key = array.reduce(function(acc, str) {
        return acc + str;
    }, '');

    accum[key] = value;
    return accum;
}, {}); //the empty object in this line is the seed value

Every sub-array gets the treatment and passed into the empty object seed which is then assigned to someObj.

网友答案:

function DemoCtrl($scope){$scope.data = [ 
        [ "settings", "autoLogout", "false" ], 
        [ "settings", "autoLogoutMinutes", "60" ], 
        [ "settings", "presets", "true" ], 
        [ "controller", "rs232", "ip", "192.168.1.11" ], 
        [ "controller", "rs232", "name", "NX-22" ], 
        [ "source", "M23836", "slot1", "ip", "192.168.1.30" ]
    ]
    
    $scope.init = function(){
        var registry = {};
        
        angular.forEach($scope.data, function(entry) {
            var len = entry.length, tmp = registry;
            for (var i = 0; i < len - 1; i++) {
                key = entry[i];
                if (i < len - 2) {
                    if (!tmp[key]) {
                      tmp[key] = { };
                    }
                    tmp = tmp[key];
                } else {
                    tmp[key] = entry[i + 1];
                }
            }
        });
        console.log('registry final');
        $scope.registry = registry;
    }
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.2.23/angular.min.js"></script>

<div ng-app>
  
  <div ng-controller="DemoCtrl" ng-init="init()">
    {{ registry }}
  </div>
    
</div>
网友答案:

Here it is done using recursion:

$scope.registry = $scope.data.reduce(function register(registry, entry) {
    var key = entry[0];
    if (entry.length === 2) {
        registry[key] = entry[1];
    } else {
        registry[key] = register(registry[key] || {}, entry.slice(1));
    }
    return registry;
}, {});
网友答案:

Here is another option based on @Jared Smith's solution above. In his solution the keys were concatenated into string keys in a shallow map. This creates the nested object structure of my other solution.

If you're new to array.reduce(), see https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Array/Reduce

var someObj = array.reduce(function(previousVal, currentVal) {
    //strip off the value to use at the end
    var value = currentVal.pop();

    //create all the nested objects
    currentVal.reduce(function(acc, str, idx, arr) {

        if (idx !== arr.length - 1 ) {
            if (!acc.hasOwnProperty(str)) {
                acc[str] = {};
            }
            return acc[str];    
        } else {
            //the last one in the array is the key for the value
            acc[str] = value;
            return;
        }

    }, previousVal);
    return previousVal;
}, {}); 

console.log(someObj);
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