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c# - Is there such a RTSP Ping?

问题描述:

I am currently working on a WinForm app to stream videos from IP camera using the RTSP protocol in C#. Everything worked fine. Part of the requirement for the app includes a function to check whether the IP camera is online or not.

So I did a ping function using the System.Net.NetworkInformation.Ping class to ping the IP camera. Say if the RTSP url of the camera is as follows rtsp://[CAMERA IP]:554/Master0-RTSP/1.0, I would only need to extract the [CAMERA IP] part and use the Ping class to see if the camera is online or not by using its IP.

Initially, it works until an issue came, say if one to enter an IP which may not be the intended IP Camera (say an IP of a computer) the ping function would still work if the entered IP of the entered device is online.

I tried to search for something like a RTSP ping but could not find one. Was hoping for any advices or opinions on this matter. Any example in C# are greatly appreciated. Thank you for your kind attention.

网友答案:

OPTIONS can possibly work but the standard specifies the correct way is through using theGET_PARAMETER.

RFC2326 outlines that clearly

http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2326.txt

10.8 GET_PARAMETER

The GET_PARAMETER request retrieves the value of a parameter of a presentation or stream specified in the URI. The content of the reply and response is left to the implementation. GET_PARAMETER with no entity body may be used to test client or server liveness ("ping").

While GET_PARAMETER may not be supported by the server there is no way to tell how that server will react to the OPTIONS request which does not even require a sessionID. Therefor it cannot be guaranteed it will keep your existing session alive.

This is clear from reading the same RFC about the OPTIONS request

10.1 OPTIONS

The behavior is equivalent to that described in [H9.2]. An OPTIONS request may be issued at any time, e.g., if the client is about to try a nonstandard request. It does not influence server state.

Example:

 C->S:  OPTIONS * RTSP/1.0
        CSeq: 1
        Require: implicit-play
        Proxy-Require: gzipped-messages

 S->C:  RTSP/1.0 200 OK
        CSeq: 1
        Public: DESCRIBE, SETUP, TEARDOWN, PLAY, PAUSE

Note that these are necessarily fictional features (one would hope that we would not purposefully overlook a truly useful feature just so that we could have a strong example in this section).

If GET_PARAMETER is not supported then you would issue a PLAY request with the SessionId of the session you want to keep alive.

This should work even if OPTIONS doesn't as PLAY honors the Session ID and if you are already playing there is no adverse effect.

For the C# RtspClient see my project @ https://net7mma.codeplex.com/

And the article on CodeProject @ http://www.codeproject.com/Articles/507218/Managed-Media-Aggregation-using-Rtsp-and-Rtp

网友答案:

Regarding RTSP in C# see this thread Using RTMP or RTSP protocol in C#

Regarding Ping ... you can implement is as DESCRIBE operation ... but pay attention do not make it too frequently, the device should be affected.

http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2326.txt

网友答案:

Instead of ICMP ping, you might want to keep a helper RTSP session without video/audio RTP streams, checking good standing of socket connection and sending OPTIONS or DESCRIBE command on a regular basis, e.g. once a minute, in order to see if the device is responsive.

Some suggest using GET_PARAMETER instead of options, however this is inferior method. OPTIONS is mandatory, GET_PARAMETER is not. Both serve different purpose. Both have small server side execution expense. OPTIONS is clearly the better of the two.

Some servers may not support setting stream parameters and thus not support GET_PARAMETER and SET_PARAMETER.

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