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java - Tomcat: Set cookie value multiple times for 1 request?

问题描述:

I'm running into a problem with Apache Tomcat 6.0.20 where I can't change a cookie's value once it has been added to the response. Basically, I'm trying to replicate Session functionality using cookies. I have a custom "Session" object, which is backed by a cookie. When I create my Session, I pass it an HttpServletResponse, and it creates and adds a blank cookie to the response. Then, when my code calls the Session.put() method, I want to change the value of this cookie.

What I'm seeing is that once the cookie has been added to the response, any calls to Cookie.setValue() are basically useless. Using a debugger, I can see that the cookie itself is being modified but the Set-Cookie header in the response object remains unchanged (it contains the initial value of the cookie, usually just an empty string). I've even tried creating a new cookie and re-adding it to the response but this has no effect on the Set-Cookie header either.

The weird thing is I'm using a library written a few years ago by our own developers. In the past we used the JRun 3.1 web server, so I'm guessing maybe each web server handles these cookie operations differently.

Has anyone run into this problem before? The only solution I have now that's guaranteed to work is not adding the cookie to the response until I'm sure I'm done with my custom Session object. I can create a method called Session.saveTo(HttpServletResponse) which will add the cookie to the response. This works but some of our JSPs can be pretty complicated so I'd rather have the Session "auto-save" on every put in case I forget to call Session.saveTo().

To clarify, this is effectively what I'm doing:

Cookie cookie = new Cookie("custom-session", "initial");

response.addCookie(cookie); // Set-Cookie header has 'custom-session=initial'

cookie.setValue("new value"); // does not change Set-Cookie header

response.addCookie(cookie); // re-adding the same cookie, does not work either

After all of that, my browser creates a cookie where custom-session is "inital", not the last value that I set.

网友答案:

It turns out to be a bug/design feature in Tomcat 6. Our old web server, JRun 3.1, did not create the Set-Cookie response headers until the response was commited. This meant you could modify the cookies all you wanted any time before that. However, looking at the source code, Tomcat creates the Set-Cookie header as soon as you add the cookie to the response. The Tomcat Response object keeps handles to the Cookie objects but does nothing with them.

With Tomcat, as soon as you add a Cookie to the response, there is no way to change it.

网友答案:

Your custom Session should hold the cookie internally and only pass it to the response right before it's returned to Tomcat.

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