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scala - Partially applying a function that has an implicit parameter

问题描述:

Can I turn a method which takes an implicit parameter into a function?

trait Tx

def foo(bar: Any)(implicit tx: Tx) {}

foo _ // error: could not find implicit value for parameter tx: Tx

I am trying to achieve the following, preferably if I can somehow make it work with the plain call withSelection(deleteObjects):

trait Test {

def atomic[A](fun: Tx => A): A

def selection: Iterable[Any]

def withSelection(fun: Iterable[Any] => Tx => Unit) {

val sel = selection

if (sel.nonEmpty) atomic { implicit tx =>

fun(sel)(tx)

}

}

object deleteAction {

def apply() {

withSelection(deleteObjects) // !

}

}

def deleteObjects(xs: Iterable[Any])(implicit tx: Tx): Unit

}


I found this question, however it does not deal with the lifting from methods to functions as far as I can see.

网友答案:

Implicits only work for methods. But you have to pass a function to withSelection. You can get around by wrapping the method in a function:

withSelection(a => b => deleteObjects(a)(b))

Its impossible to pass deleteObjects directly because foo _ does not work for a foo with an implicit parameter list defined.

网友答案:

To the best of my knowledge, implicit resolution must take place at usage site, and cannot be curried away. My own moment of disappointment was when I was trying to work around ´ExecutionContext´ proliferation in my code.

One compromise I've been considering was:

type Async[A] = ExecutionContext => Future[A]

def countFiles(root: String): Async[Int] = implicit ec =>
  // ...

The ´implicit´ only holds within the function -- we have to compromise on invocation:

implicit class AsyncExt[A](async: Async[A]) {
  def invoke()(implicit ec: ExecutionContext) = async(ec)
}

implicit val ec = ...
countFiles("/").invoke()

Another compromise -- the one I chose and lived to regret:

class AsyncFileCounter(ec: ExecutionContext) {
  def countFiles(root: String): Future[A] = ...
}

class FileCounter {
  def async(implicit ec: ExecutionContext) = new AsyncFileCounter(ec)
}

This changes the usage from the naive (but desired):

implicit val ec = ...
val counter = new FileCounter
counter.countFiles("/") // <-- nope

To the following:

implicit val ec = ...
val counter = new FileCounter
counter.async.countFiles("/") // yep!

Depending on your context, this could be bearable. You could add a ´def transactional´ where I used ´def async´.

I do regret this however, as it complicates inheritance, and incurs some allocation overhead (though that should be JITed away).

Bottom line is that you'll have to come up with a more explicit piecemeal method of invoking your function -- one that is less elegant than currying alone.

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