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deployment - Deploying Golang web app static files with Docker container

问题描述:

I'm working on a small web application that has some static files (configs and html templates):

├── Dockerfile

├── manifest.json

├── session

│ ├── config.go

│ ├── handlers.go

│ └── restapi_client.go

├── templates

│ ├── header.tmpl

│ └── index.tmpl

└── webserver.go

For instance, templates in the code are discovered with a local path (is it a good practice?):

func init() {

templates = template.Must(template.ParseGlob("templates/*.tmpl"))

}

Docker container is used for app deployment. As you can see in the Dockerfile, I have to copy all the static files in /go/bin directory:

FROM golang:latest

ENV PORT=8000

ADD . /go/src/webserver/

RUN go install webserver

RUN go get webserver

# Copy static files

RUN cp -r /go/src/webserver/templates /go/bin/templates

RUN cp -r /go/src/webserver/manifest.json /go/bin/manifest.json

EXPOSE $PORT

ENTRYPOINT cd /go/bin && PORT=$PORT REDIRECT=mailtest-1.dev.search.km /go/bin/webserver -manifest=manifest.json

I think this workaround should be considered as incorrect since it violates standard Linux conventions (separate storing of the executable files and various data files). If anyone uses Docker for Golang web application deployment too, please share your experience:

  • How do you store static content and how do you discover it in your code?
  • What is the most proper method of deploying web application with a Docker containers?

网友答案:

Since you are passing a relative pathname to template.ParseGlob, it will look for templates relative to the current working directory, which you are setting to /go/bin in your ENTRYPOINT.

I would suggest modifying your Dockerfile to use the WORKDIR instruction to set the working directory to /go/src/webserver, which would avoid the need to copy files into /go/bin, for example:

FROM golang:latest
ADD . /go/src/webserver
WORKDIR /go/src/webserver
RUN go get
RUN go install
ENV PORT=8000
ENV REDIRECT=mailtest-1.dev.search.km
EXPOSE 8000
ENTRYPOINT /go/bin/webserver -manifest=manifest.json

You could also consider using Flynn to deploy and manage your application (see here for a walkthrough of deploying a Go web app).

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