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xilinx - Qualitative comparison between Petalinux and FreeRTOS

问题描述:

I'm going to start the development of an application on a Zynq board. My task is basically to port an existing application running on a Microblaze on the dual core ARM.

What I'm wondering about is which O.S. to use on the new system, because I have no experience at all in this field.

It seems to me that there are four main approaches:

1) Petalinux (use both cores)

2) Petalinux+FreeRTOS (use both cores)

3) FreeRTOS (use only a core)

4) Baremetal (use only a core)

What my application has to do is to move a big amount of data between Ethernet and multiple custom links, so it has to serve a lot of interrupts and command a lot of DMA operations.

How much is the overhead introduced by Petalinux in the interrupt service with respect to baremetal or FreeRTOS? Do you think that, for this kind of work, is faster a single core application running without any OS or, for example, a Petalinux application that has the overhead of the OS (and of the synchronization mechanisms like semaphores or mutex)?

I know the question is not precise and quite vague, but having no experience in the field I strongly need some initial hints.

Thank you.

网友答案:

As you say, this is too vague to give a considered answer because it really depends on your application (when does it not). If you need all the 'stuff' that is available for Linux and boot time is not an issue then go with that. If you need actual real time behaviour, fast boot time, simplicity, and don't need anything Linux specific, then FreeRTOS might be your best choice. There is a Zynq FreeRTOS TCP project that uses the BSD style sockets interface (like Linux) here: http://www.freertos.org/FreeRTOS-Plus/FreeRTOS_Plus_TCP/TCPIP_FAT_Examples_Xilinx_Zynq.html

网友答案:

Usually the performance should not differ alot. If you compile your linux with a well optimizing compiler there is a good chance to be faster compared to bare metal.

But if you need hard real time linux is not suitable for you.

There is a good whitepaper from Altera but should fit for Xilinx too: whitepaper on real time jitter

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