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python import fails when called from PHP

问题描述:

I'm having a puzzling problem when trying to import a module in python only when the script is called from php via system or exec.

From the python shell:

import igraph #This works.

if the previous line was in a file, say, test_module.py, then:

python test_module.py in the bash works.

Within PHP:

exec("python test_module.py",$output,$retval) -> fails : $retval = 1.

However, if the script is instead : import math, then this is fine.

Anybody ever dealt with something similar?

网友答案:

one thing to check is sys.path

see what the difference is when called each way

网友答案:

Is the igraph module in Python's standard module path, or is it in the same directory as your individual script? If so, it's quite possible that PHP is calling the python file with a different working directory, and it's trying to import things relative to that path instead of the path of the script.

网友答案:

This is happening because you have installed those packages under a different user, maybe root, or something else.

How i debugged this, is i checked the output of sys.path for both cases (shell, and php's exec, which has the user www-data by default), and than i compared both.

I noticed the '/root/.local/lib/python2.7/site-packages' path missing when i ran it from PHP, which contained exactly these missing packages. So i just copied the content of this folder to '/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/', which solved the issue.

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