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java - Is there a Hamcrest "for each" Matcher that asserts all elements of a Collection or Iterable match a single specific Matcher?

问题描述:

Given a Collection or Iterable of items, is there any Matcher (or combination of matchers) that will assert every item matches a single Matcher?

For example, given this item type:

public interface Person {

public String getGender();

}

I'd like to write an assertion that all items in a collection of Persons have a specific gender value. I'm thinking something like this:

Iterable<Person> people = ...;

assertThat(people, each(hasProperty("gender", "Male")));

Is there any way to do this without writing the each matcher myself?

网友答案:

Use the Every matcher.

import org.hamcrest.beans.HasPropertyWithValue;
import org.hamcrest.core.Every;
import org.hamcrest.core.Is;
import org.junit.Assert;

Assert.assertThat(people, (Every.everyItem(HasPropertyWithValue.hasProperty("gender", Is.is("male")))));

Hamcrest also provides Matchers#everyItem as a shortcut to that Matcher.


Full example

@org.junit.Test
public void method() throws Exception {
    Iterable<Person> people = Arrays.asList(new Person(), new Person());
    Assert.assertThat(people, (Every.everyItem(HasPropertyWithValue.hasProperty("gender", Is.is("male")))));
}

public static class Person {
    String gender = "male";

    public String getGender() {
        return gender;
    }

    public void setGender(String gender) {
        this.gender = gender;
    }
}
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