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nested has_many :through in rails 3

问题描述:

I know Rails doesn't support nested has_many :through relationships, though there's been talk and an open ticket about a patch since as early as Rails 2.

I did come across a plugin that's pretty slick, but the master branches don't work with Rails 3 and I'm hesitant to use it for mission critical tasks in the app hence the lack of active recent development. So -- what's the best way to deal with these relations.

class Author < ActiveRecord::Base

has_many :contracts

has_many :products, :through => :contracts

class Product < ActiveRecord::Base

has_many :contracts

has_many :orders

has_many :authors, :through => :contracts

class Contracts < ActiveRecord::Base

belongs_to :author

belongs_to :product

So, all the being what it is it would be great to be able to get at orders this by adding this to the Author model:

has_many :orders, :through => :products

But alas, you cannot -- at least without the plugin. So, my question is what's the best approach to accessing all of an author's orders when the only association is between the join model, Contracts?

网友答案:

If you're not trying to create objects through the nested association, and you want to use it for lookup only, then scopes in Rails 3 are a great way to do this. Alternatively you could implement a class method.

I've had this kind of thing as an example in a class I taught recently, the Rails 3 version of the code is here: https://github.com/wolframarnold/Efficient-TDD-Rails3/blob/master/app/models/user.rb

See the definition of the items method. The specs are here: https://github.com/wolframarnold/Efficient-TDD-Rails3/blob/master/spec/models/user_orders_spec.rb

Rails 3.1 update: As one commenter already noted, Rails 3.1 does support has_many :through associations more than one level deep.

网友答案:

As I see it you have 2 options:

  1. You may need to re-consider your modelling decisions. For example, establish a many-to-many association between a Customer and a Product through an Order. And then incubate the Contract.

  2. Use a named scope (or scope in Rails 3) to fetch the author's orders.

If pressed, I would go with option 1.

网友答案:

The ticket doesn't seem to be active any more for including the patch in Rails core. I'd submit it ... seems like it should be something that should just work in Rails.

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