问题描述:

Hello, I have an image as shown above. Is it possible for me to detect the center point of the cross and output the result using Matlab? Thanks.

Here you go. I'm assuming that you have the image toolbox because if you don't then you probably shouldn't be trying to do this sort of thing. However, all of these functions can be implemented with convolutions I believe. I did this process on the image you presented above and obtained the point (139,286) where 138 is the row and 268 is the column.

1.Convert the image to a binary image:

```
bw = bw2im(img, .25);
```

where img is the original image. Depending on the image you might have to adjust the second parameters (which ranges from 0 to 1) so that you only get the cross. Don't worry about the cross not being fully connected because we'll remedy that in the next step.

2.Dilate the image to join the parts. I had to do this twice because I had to set the threshold so low on the binary image conversion (some parts of your image were pretty dark). Dilation essentially just adds pixels around existing white pixels (I'll also be inverting the binary image as I send it into bwmorph because the operations are made to act on white pixels which are the ones that have a value of 1).

```
bw2 = bwmorph(~bw, 'dilate', 2);
```

The last parameter says how many times to do the dilation operation.

3.Shrink the image to a point.

```
bw3 = bwmorph(bw2, 'shrink',Inf);
```

Again, the last parameter says how many times to perform the operation. In this case I put in Inf which shrinks until there is only one pixel that is white (in other words a 1).

4.Find the pixel that is still a 1.

```
[i,j] = find(bw3);
```

Here, i is the row and j is the column of the pixel in bw3 such that bw3(i,j) is equal to 1. All the other pixels should be 0 in bw3.

There might be other ways to do this with bwmorph, but I think that this way works pretty well. You might have to adjust it depending on the picture too. I can include images of each step if desired.

I think that there is a far simpler way of solving this. The lines which form the cross-hair are of equal length. Therefore it in will be symmetric in all orientations. So if we do a simple line scan horizontally as well as vertically, to find the extremities of the lines forming the cross-hair. the median of these values will give the x and y co-ordinates of the center. Simple geometry.

I just love these discussions of how to find something without defining first what that something is! But, if I had to guess, I’d suggest the center of mass of the original gray scale image.

What about this;

a) convert to binary just to make the algorithm faster.

b) Perform a find on the resulting array

c) choose the element which has either lowest/highest row/column index (you would have four points to choose from then

d) now keep searching neighbours

- have a global criteria for search that if search does not result in more than a few iterations, the point selected is false and choose another extreme point

e) going along the neighbouring points, you will end up at a point where you have three possible neighbours.That is you intersection

I would start by using the grayscale image map. The darkest points are on the cross, so discriminating on the highest values is a starting point. After discrimination, set all the lower points to white and leave the rest as they are. This would maximize the contrast between points on the cross and points in the image. Next up is to come up with a filter for determining the position with the highest average values. I would step through the entire image with a NxM array and take the mean value at the center point. Create a new array of these means and you should have the highest mean at the intersection. I'm curious to see how someone else may try this!

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