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xamarin.android - How do I upload an image to a ServiceStack service?

问题描述:

I have the path of an image, and use the following code to send it to my server;

HttpWebRequest client = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create("http://212.175.132.168/service/api/upload/cab.jpg");

client.Method = WebRequestMethods.Http.Post;

// the following 4 rows enable streaming

client.AllowWriteStreamBuffering = false;

client.SendChunked = true;

client.ContentType = "multipart/form-data;";

client.Timeout = int.MaxValue;

using (FileStream fileStream = System.IO.File.OpenRead (filePath)) {

fileStream.Copy (client.GetRequestStream ());

}

var response = new StreamReader (client.GetResponse ().GetResponseStream ()).ReadToEnd ();

But the code doesn't work, image isn't attached. What I am I doing wrong here?

网友答案:

HttpWebRequest + multipart/form-data needs boundaries:

By using HttpWebRequest with multipart/form-data requires that you specify the boundaries of your content. Which is rather a lot of work and can easily cause corrupt uploads if you don't understand it. However this question here covers how to do it.

Use the PCL ServiceStack.Client:

But as you are using a ServiceStack backend, then the best approach is to use the ServiceStack.Client PCL library in your Android application, which provides the easy to use JsonServiceClient. See this example for a full Android with ServiceStack demonstration.

So given a simple Upload Service (on your server side):

[Route("/upload","POST")]
public class UploadFileRequest
{
    // Example of other properties you can send with the request
    public string[] Tags { get; set; }
}

class MyFileService : Service
{
    public bool Post(UploadFileRequest request)
    {
        // Check a file has been attached
        if(Request.Files == null || Request.Files.Length == 0)
            throw new HttpError(400, "Bad Request", "No file has been uploaded");

        // Save the file
        Request.Files[0].SaveTo(Request.Files[0].FileName);

        // Maybe store the tags (or any other data in the request)
        // request.Tags

        return true;
    }
}

Then with the JsonServiceClient in your Android app, then your simply need to do this:

var filename = "cab.jpg"; // The path of the file to upload
var client = new JsonServiceClient("http://212.175.132.168/service/api/");
using(var fileStream = File.OpenRead(filename))
{
    client.PostFileWithRequest<bool>(fileStream, "cab.jpg", new UploadFileRequest { Tags = new[] { "Cab", "Taxis", "NewYork", "Yellow" }});
}

I hope this helps.

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