What's is better to use in a stored procedure: a temporary table or a memory table?
The table is used to stored summary data for reports.
Are there any trade offs that developers should be aware off?
CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE t (avg (double));
CREATE TABLE t (avg (double)) ENGINE=MEMORY;
Of the two, I'd use a temporary table for report.
A memory table holds data across user sessions & connections, so you'd have to truncate it every time to make sure you wouldn't be using data from someone else. Assuming you put in whats necessary to maintain a memory table depending on your needs, it's fine - the temp table is a little safer from a maintenance perspective.
Why is this restricted to just the two options? You can do:
CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE t (avg double) ENGINE=MEMORY;
Which works, although I'm not sure how to check if the memory engine is actually being used here.
A temporary table will only exist for the duration of your session. A table declared with Engine=Memory will persist across user sessions / connections but will only exist in the lifetime of the MySQL instance. So if MySQL gets restarted the table goes away.
In MySQL, temporary tables are seriously crippled:
You cannot refer to a TEMPORARY table more than once in the same query. For example, the following does not work: mysql> SELECT * FROM temp_table, temp_table AS t2; ERROR 1137: Can't reopen table: 'temp_table'