Oracle 事件打包服务(Incident Packaging Service,IPS)

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packaging incidents(打包事件)

Oracle 11g的一个很强有力的工具是打包事件。利用这个打包事件压缩的文件夹提交给oracle的支持来帮助解决分析问题。

一旦你创建一个事件包,将添加一个或多个相关的问题到打包文件中。其中包括trace文件,dump文件等。

缺省情况下,每一个问题的事件包仅仅包括第一个和最后三个事件。事件包包含所有可以用于诊断的事件。也可以指定事件发生的时间或数量范围来打包。一旦你创建了事件包,那么你能添加或移除文件。

具体步骤如下:

1:创建一个逻辑包:使用命令是ips create package。该命令可以创建一个空包,也可以能会创建自动包含诊断数据的包。这个命令有很多变量,你可以选择创建某一特定问题号,事件号,问题关键字,或基于期间的包。

2:添加诊断数据到逻辑包:这是一个可选步骤,如果你在第一步创建的是一个空包,那么你可以使用这一步骤添加诊断文件或数据。

3:产生zip文件:可以增量添加文件到zip文件里。

我们也可以通过ADRCI工具来找到跟踪文件,如下:

adrci> show incident

ADR Home = /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/huateng/huateng:

*************************************************************************

INCIDENT_ID PROBLEM_KEY CREATE_TIME

-------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------

11041 ORA 7445 [kslgetl()+18] 2012-08-01 23:32:13.324000 +08:00

19306 ORA 1578 2012-08-06 19:28:42.011000 +08:00

19354 ORA 1578 2012-08-06 19:29:01.932000 +08:00

19355 ORA 1578 2012-08-06 19:29:09.383000 +08:00

19356 ORA 1578 2012-08-06 19:29:28.922000 +08:00

25414 ORA 600 [2252] 2012-08-07 23:25:03.801000 +08:00

25454 ORA 600 [2252] 2012-08-07 23:25:09.263000 +08:00

25462 ORA 600 [2252] 2012-08-07 23:25:10.793000 +08:00

25415 ORA 600 [2252] 2012-08-07 23:25:11.049000 +08:00

25416 ORA 600 [2252] 2012-08-07 23:25:17.087000 +08:00

34962 ORA 600 [2608] 2012-08-14 11:26:16.424000 +08:00

42163 ORA 600 [3688] 2012-08-16 05:13:34.745000 +08:00

66276 ORA 4031 2012-11-05 23:39:23.913000 +08:00

66277 ORA 4031 2012-11-05 23:44:37.593000 +08:00

66284 ORA 4031 2012-11-05 23:49:24.553000 +08:00

15 rows fetched

adrci> show trace -i 11041

Output the results to file: /tmp/utsout_9769_308617_2.ado

/u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/huateng/huateng/incident/incdir_11041/huateng_ora_13543_i11041.trc

----------------------------------------------------------

LEVEL PAYLOAD

----- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Dump file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/huateng/huateng/incident/incdir_11041/huateng_ora_13543_i11041.trc

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - Production

With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/db11gr2

System name: Linux

Node name: db2server

Release: 2.6.18-92.el5

Version: #1 SMP Tue Jun 10 18:49:47 EDT 2008

Machine: i686

Instance name: huateng

Redo thread mounted by this instance: 1

Oracle process number: 30

Unix process pid: 13543, image: [email protected] (TNS V1-V3)

*** 2012-08-01 23:32:13.444

*** SESSION ID:(49.13) 2012-08-01 23:32:13.444

*** CLIENT ID:() 2012-08-01 23:32:13.444

*** SERVICE NAME:(SYS$USERS) 2012-08-01 23:32:13.444

*** MODULE NAME:([email protected] (TNS V1-V3)) 2012-08-01 23:32:13.444

*** ACTION NAME:() 2012-08-01 23:32:13.444

Dump continued from file: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/huateng/huateng/trace/huateng_ora_13543.trc

1> ***** Error Stack *****

ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [kslgetl()+18] [SIGSEGV] [ADDR:0x600075F8] [PC:0xF052F62] [Address not mapped to object] []

1< ***** Error Stack *****

1> ***** Dump for incident 11041 (ORA 7445 [kslgetl()+18]) *****

2> ***** Beginning of Customized Incident Dump(s) *****

Exception [type: SIGSEGV, Address not mapped to object] [ADDR:0x600075F8] [PC:0xF052F62, kslgetl()+18] [flags: 0x0, count: 1]

Registers:

%eax: 0x600075f0 %ebx: 0x00000000 %ecx: 0x0f052f50

%edx: 0x00000000 %edi: 0x600075f0 %esi: 0x00000001

%esp: 0xbfa8a5f4 %ebp: 0xbfa8a604 %eip: 0x0f052f62

%efl: 0x00010282

1.使用“ips create package”创建一个新的逻辑包

1)进入到adrci命令行界面

ADRCI: Release 11.2.0.1.0 - Production on 星期二 2月 1 11:01:28 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

ADR base = "/u01/oracle"

2)尝试创建逻辑包

adrci> ips create package;

DIA-48448: This command does not support multiple ADR homes

修改adrci目录:

adrci> show homes

ADR Homes:

diag/clients/user_oracle/host_2467386799_76

diag/tnslsnr/biserver/orcl

diag/tnslsnr/biserver/listener

diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl

3)这里我们选择diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl

adrci> set homepath diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl

4)确认只有一个home

5)再次尝试创建逻辑包,成功。

adrci> ips create package;

Created package 1 without any contents, correlation level typical

6)将诊断数据添加到刚刚创建的逻辑包中

将系统中出现的53475 事件添加到逻辑包1中,在系统中可以使用show incident命令获得incident号。

adrci> ips add incident 53475 package 1;

Added incident 53475 to package 1

7)生成物理包adrci> ips generate package 1 in /export/home/oracle

Generated package 1 in file /export/home/oracle/IPSPKG_20110201110631_COM_1.zip, mode complete

8)简单查看一下解压后的文件目录。可见Oracle在压缩包中自动采集了很多相关信息。

-bash-3.00$ unzip IPSPKG_20110201110631_COM_1.zip

Archive: IPSPKG_20110201110631_COM_1.zip

inflating: diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incpkg/pkg_1/seq_1/export/IPS_CONFIGURATION.dmp

inflating: diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incpkg/pkg_1/seq_1/export/IPS_PACKAGE.dmp

inflating: diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incpkg/pkg_1/seq_1/export/IPS_PACKAGE_INCIDENT.dmp

inflating: diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incpkg/pkg_1/seq_1/export/IPS_PACKAGE_FILE.dmp

inflating: diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incpkg/pkg_1/seq_1/export/IPS_PACKAGE_HISTORY.dmp

inflating: diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incpkg/pkg_1/seq_1/export/IPS_FILE_METADATA.dmp

inflating: diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incpkg/pkg_1/seq_1/export/IPS_FILE_COPY_LOG.dmp

.......

.....

5.小结

使用ADRCI (ADR Command Interface)完成整个故障打包的过程是很便利的。这既方便了自己也方便了Oracle的support人员。

更多Oracle相关信息见 Oracle 专题页面 http://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=12

本文永久更新链接地址 : http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-10/124226.htm


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