WPF 异步加载高清大图

来源:转载

不管什么东西,但凡太大了,总是让人又爱又恨啊!(很有道理的样子,大家鼓掌└( ̄  ̄└)(┘ ̄  ̄)┘)

猿:老板,现在这社会啊,真是浮躁啊,之前还是什么1080P,然后就到了2K,现在又到了4K……他们是想把毛孔都看清楚?

老板:能不能做?

猿:已经做好了啊,但是……反正这次我们能说会道的X经理也没能忽……说服客户。

老板:是什么问题嘛,说出来我帮你想想办法。(老板真是好人啊,语重心长)

猿(ノへ ̄、):客户不是升级了4K摄像机吗,哎哟,那玩意儿,老长了,就跟火箭筒似的,扛起来那感觉(ง •̀_•́)ง,真是拉风……

老板:咳咳……

猿:嗯,4K,拍出来的照片分辨率4096x2160,一张图片就有30多M,然后……我们的程序挂了,内存崩了。╮( ̄▽ ̄")╭

老板:嗯,这个问题嘛……

猿:昨晚我加班到凌晨三点,各种调试,各种查资料,终于搞定了,今天早上让小X过去更换了,然后……

老板:辛苦了,办公室里有吃的,晚上加班尽管吃!

猿:( ̄▽ ̄")……

猿:然后内存是没爆了,但是大图出来的使用有2~3秒的空白……也不能操作……X经理正在给我们争取时间……

老板:这样啊,我给你一个我朋友的电话,他也是搞软件的,很牛X的……

嗯,各位童鞋,看到这里就应该明白,对话已经结束。这就开始我们的代码……

XAML我们就简单点:用ListView做个列表,一个用于显示大图的Image,一个遮罩层Border

1 <Grid> 2 <Grid.ColumnDefinitions> 3 <ColumnDefinition Width="420"/> 4 <ColumnDefinition Width="*"/> 5 </Grid.ColumnDefinitions> 6 <ListView x:Name="lvImages" ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll="False" SelectionChanged="lvImages_SelectionChanged"> 7 <ListView.ItemTemplate> 8 <DataTemplate> 9 <Image Source="{Binding Converter={StaticResource ImageSourceConverter}, Mode=OneTime,ConverterParameter=400}" Width="400" />10 </DataTemplate>11 </ListView.ItemTemplate>12 </ListView>13 <ScrollViewer Grid.Column="1" >14 <ScrollViewer.Background>15 <ImageBrush ImageSource="{Binding SelectedItem, ElementName=lvImages,Converter={StaticResource ImageSourceConverter}}" Stretch="Uniform"/>16 </ScrollViewer.Background>17 <Image Name="bigImage" MouseWheel="bigImage_MouseWheel" RenderTransformOrigin="0.5,0.5">18 <Image.RenderTransform>19 <ScaleTransform x:Name="scale"/>20 </Image.RenderTransform>21 </Image>22 </ScrollViewer>23 <Border Name="conver" Background="#60000000" Visibility="Hidden" Grid.ColumnSpan="2">24 <Path Data="M30.330999,48.228C31.299783,48.422099 32.299767,48.531501 33.330949,48.531501 34.360932,48.531501 35.363415,48.422099 36.335999,48.228L36.335999,66.659003 30.330999,66.659003z M43.268281,44.750998L52.394999,60.832034 47.175917,63.796996 38.038999,47.713359C39.994767,47.070048,41.753928,46.067427,43.268281,44.750998z M23.209264,44.598998C24.700174,45.940215,26.447487,46.971526,28.389,47.638133L19.002135,63.568 13.824999,60.518466z M47.700966,38.078002L63.757998,47.260428 60.782928,52.473998 44.726998,43.300773C46.044784,41.78905,47.055174,40.028529,47.700966,38.078002z M18.923298,37.936999C19.546999,39.89281,20.5418,41.665007,21.844,43.188594L5.7032509,52.206 2.7709999,46.960906z M18.4298,30.342997C18.240998,31.305102 18.131697,32.306304 18.131697,33.328299 18.131697,34.360797 18.237098,35.373698 18.435,36.3502L0.0077514648,36.370997 0,30.365096z M66.659098,30.285998L66.666998,36.294497 48.231798,36.313998C48.4272,35.347804 48.531301,34.352805 48.531301,33.328002 48.531301,32.294097 48.4272,31.284898 48.227999,30.308202z M60.963728,14.451999L63.895998,19.696799 47.743868,28.718999C47.120075,26.764499,46.123985,24.996299,44.817999,23.474099z M5.8831024,14.181999L21.936999,23.357735C20.616765,24.868125,19.607615,26.627213,18.960647,28.578999L2.9039993,19.403264z M47.663984,3.0889991L52.839998,6.1383522 43.456712,22.064999C41.96595,20.723838,40.213178,19.687466,38.276999,19.020785z M19.487081,2.8649989L28.617,18.94893C26.66778,19.585601,24.902254,20.590758,23.394619,21.910998L14.261999,5.8297189z M30.330999,0L36.335999,0 36.335999,18.430999C35.363416,18.2357 34.36093,18.127599 33.330949,18.127599 32.299765,18.127599 31.299782,18.2357 30.330999,18.430999z"25 Stretch="Uniform" Margin="200" Fill="Red" RenderTransformOrigin="0.5,0.5">26 <Path.RenderTransform>27 <RotateTransform x:Name="rotate" Angle="0"/>28 </Path.RenderTransform>29 </Path>30 </Border>31 </Grid>View Code

后台代码:

1 private void Window_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e) 2 { 3 //高清大图,你懂的。 4 var path = Combine(AppDomain.CurrentDomain.BaseDirectory, "images");//using static System.IO.Path; 5 var files = Directory.GetFiles(path); 6 lvImages.ItemsSource = files; 7 } 8 9 10 private async void lvImages_SelectionChanged(object sender, SelectionChangedEventArgs e)11 {12 //在选中项更改时进行处理,13 if (lvImages.SelectedIndex > -1)14 {15 //选中的项16 var current = e.AddedItems[0];17 18 bigImage.Source = null;19 20 //坐和放宽,很快就好。21 conver.Visibility = Visibility.Visible;22 rotate.BeginAnimation(RotateTransform.AngleProperty, new DoubleAnimation(360, TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(1000))23 { RepeatBehavior = RepeatBehavior.Forever });24 25 //await一下26 try27 {28 var source = await Task.Run<ImageSource>(() =>29 {30 var p = current.ToString();31 var s = new BitmapImage();32 s.BeginInit();33 s.CacheOption = BitmapCacheOption.OnLoad;34 //打开文件流35 using (var stream = File.OpenRead(p))36 {37 s.StreamSource = stream;38 s.EndInit();39 //这一句很重要,少了UI线程就不认了。40 s.Freeze();41 }42 return s;43 });44 //出炉45 bigImage.Source = source; 46 }47 catch { }48 //好了,不用转了49 rotate.BeginAnimation(RotateTransform.AngleProperty, null);50 conver.Visibility = Visibility.Hidden;51 }52 else53 {54 var s = bigImage.Source;55 s = null;56 bigImage.Source = null;57 }58 }59 60 private void bigImage_MouseWheel(object sender, MouseWheelEventArgs e)61 {62 //高清大图嘛,当然要放大了仔细看看63 var d = e.Delta / 1000.0;64 if (scale.ScaleX + d < 1)65 {66 scale.ScaleX = scale.ScaleY = 1;67 return;68 }69 scale.ScaleX += d;70 scale.ScaleY += d;71 }View Code

一个简单的ImageSourceConverter:

1 public class ImageSourceConverter : IValueConverter 2 { 3 public object Convert(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, CultureInfo culture) 4 { 5 if (value == null) 6 return value; 7 var source = new BitmapImage(); 8 source.BeginInit(); 9 source.UriSource = new Uri(value.ToString(), UriKind.Absolute);10 //设置解码的分辨率大小,也就是搞个缩略图11 source.DecodePixelWidth = parameter != null ? int.Parse(parameter.ToString()) : 100;12 source.EndInit();13 return source;14 15 }16 17 public object ConvertBack(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, CultureInfo culture)18 {19 throw new NotImplementedException();20 }21 }View Code

看图:



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