WPF自定义控件与样式(7)-列表控件DataGrid与ListView自定义样式

来源:转载


一.前言

申明:WPF自定义控件与样式是一个系列文章,前后是有些关联的,但大多是按照由简到繁的顺序逐步发布的等,若有不明白的地方可以参考本系列前面的文章,文末附有部分文章链接。

本文主要内容:

  • DataGrid自定义样式;
  • ListView自定义样式;

二.DataGrid自定义样式

DataGrid是常用的数据列表显示控件,先看看实现的效果(动态图,有点大):

DataGrid控件样式结构包括以下几个部分:

    • 列头header样式
    • 调整列头宽度的列分割线样式
    • 行样式
    • 行头调整高度样式
    • 行头部样式
    • 单元格样式

在本文的样式定义中,默认开启了DataGrid的虚拟化,以支持大数据,若实际使用数据确定很小,应该关闭虚拟化,因为虚拟化本身也是有成本的。样式代码:  

 <!--调整列头宽度样式--> <Style x:Key="DefaultColumnHeaderGripperStyle" TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}"> <Setter Property="Width" Value="8" /> <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource HeaderBorderBrush}" /> <Setter Property="Cursor" Value="SizeWE" /> <Setter Property="Template"> <Setter.Value> <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}"> <Border Padding="{TemplateBinding Padding}" Background="Transparent" Margin="0 0 0 2"> <Rectangle HorizontalAlignment="{TemplateBinding HorizontalContentAlignment}" Width="1" Fill="{TemplateBinding Background}" /> </Border> </ControlTemplate> </Setter.Value> </Setter> </Style> <!--列头header样式--> <Style x:Key="DefaultDataGridColumnHeader" TargetType="{x:Type DataGridColumnHeader}"> <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels" Value="True" /> <Setter Property="MinWidth" Value="5" /> <Setter Property="MinHeight" Value="25" /> <Setter Property="Height" Value="30" /> <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{StaticResource TextForeground}" /> <Setter Property="HorizontalContentAlignment" Value="Left" /> <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment" Value="Center" /> <Setter Property="Padding" Value="10,4,4,7" /> <Setter Property="Margin" Value="0,0,0,0" /> <Setter Property="FontWeight" Value="SemiBold"></Setter> <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="{StaticResource HeaderFontSize}" /> <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="0,0,0,3" /> <Setter Property="BorderBrush" Value="{StaticResource HeaderBorderBrush}" /> <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource HeaderBackground}" /> <Setter Property="Template"> <Setter.Value> <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type DataGridColumnHeader}"> <Grid> <Grid.ColumnDefinitions> <ColumnDefinition Width="*" /> <ColumnDefinition Width="auto" /> </Grid.ColumnDefinitions> <Border x:Name="BackgroundBorder" BorderThickness="{TemplateBinding BorderThickness}" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" BorderBrush="{TemplateBinding BorderBrush}" /> <ContentPresenter x:Name="HeaderContent" Content="{TemplateBinding Content}" ContentTemplate="{TemplateBinding ContentTemplate}" Margin="{TemplateBinding Padding}" VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalContentAlignment}" HorizontalAlignment="{TemplateBinding HorizontalContentAlignment}" RecognizesAccessKey="True" SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding SnapsToDevicePixels}" /> <TextBlock x:Name="SortArrow" Style="{StaticResource FIcon}" Text="&#xe624;" Grid.Column="1" Width="20" Visibility="Collapsed" FontSize="16" Margin="1,1,3,1" /> <Thumb x:Name="PART_LeftHeaderGripper" HorizontalAlignment="Left" HorizontalContentAlignment="Left" Style="{StaticResource DefaultColumnHeaderGripperStyle}" /> <Thumb x:Name="PART_RightHeaderGripper" HorizontalAlignment="Right" HorizontalContentAlignment="Right" Background="Transparent" Style="{StaticResource DefaultColumnHeaderGripperStyle}" Grid.Column="1" /> </Grid> <ControlTemplate.Triggers> <!--显示排序标示--> <MultiTrigger> <MultiTrigger.Conditions> <Condition Property="IsMouseOver" Value="True" /> <Condition Property="SortDirection" Value="{x:Null}" /> <Condition Property="CanUserSort" Value="true" /> </MultiTrigger.Conditions> <Setter TargetName="SortArrow" Property="Visibility" Value="Visible" /> </MultiTrigger> <!--可排序列鼠标样式--> <Trigger Property="CanUserSort" Value="True"> <Setter Property="Cursor" Value="Hand"></Setter> </Trigger> <!--升序--> <Trigger Property="SortDirection" Value="Ascending"> <Setter TargetName="SortArrow" Property="Visibility" Value="Visible" /> </Trigger> <!--降序--> <Trigger Property="SortDirection" Value="Descending"> <Setter TargetName="SortArrow" Property="Visibility" Value="Visible" /> <Setter TargetName="SortArrow" Property="Text" Value="&#xe625;"/> </Trigger> <!--第一列左边不显示分割线--> <Trigger Property="DisplayIndex" Value="2"> <Setter Property="Visibility" Value="Collapsed" TargetName="PART_LeftHeaderGripper" /> </Trigger> </ControlTemplate.Triggers> </ControlTemplate> </Setter.Value> </Setter> </Style> <!--行样式--> <Style x:Key="DefaultDataGridRow" TargetType="{x:Type DataGridRow}"> <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{StaticResource TextForeground}" /> <Setter Property="Background" Value="Transparent" /> <Setter Property="Margin" Value="0,0,0,0" /> <Style.Triggers> <Trigger Property="ItemsControl.AlternationIndex" Value="1"> <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource ItemsAlternationContentBackground}" /> </Trigger> <Trigger Property="IsSelected" Value="True"> <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource ItemSelectedBackground}" /> <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{StaticResource ItemSelectedForeground}" /> </Trigger> <MultiTrigger> <MultiTrigger.Conditions> <Condition Property="IsSelected" Value="True" /> <Condition Property="Selector.IsSelectionActive" Value="True" /> </MultiTrigger.Conditions> <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource ItemSelectedBackground}" /> <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{StaticResource ItemSelectedForeground}" /> </MultiTrigger> <MultiDataTrigger> <MultiDataTrigger.Conditions> <Condition Binding="{Binding Path=IsMouseOver, RelativeSource={RelativeSource Self}}" Value="True" /> </MultiDataTrigger.Conditions> <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource ItemMouseOverBackground}" /> <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{StaticResource ItemMouseOverForeground}" /> </MultiDataTrigger> </Style.Triggers> </Style> <!--行头调整高度样式 --> <Style x:Key="DefaultRowHeaderGripperStyle" TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}"> <Setter Property="Height" Value="6" /> <Setter Property="Background" Value="Transparent" /> <Setter Property="Cursor" Value="SizeNS" /> <Setter Property="Template"> <Setter.Value> <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}"> <Border Padding="{TemplateBinding Padding}" Background="Transparent"/> </ControlTemplate> </Setter.Value> </Setter> </Style> <!--行头部样式--> <Style x:Key="DefaultDataGridRowHeader" TargetType="{x:Type DataGridRowHeader}"> <Setter Property="HorizontalContentAlignment" Value="Stretch" /> <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment" Value="Center" /> <Setter Property="Background" Value="Transparent" /> <Setter Property="BorderBrush" Value="Transparent" /> <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="0,0,1,0" /> <Setter Property="Margin" Value="0,0,0,0" /> <Setter Property="Template"> <Setter.Value> <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type DataGridRowHeader}"> <Grid> <Border BorderBrush="{TemplateBinding BorderBrush}" Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" BorderThickness="{TemplateBinding BorderThickness}" Padding="{TemplateBinding Padding}" Margin="{TemplateBinding Margin}" SnapsToDevicePixels="True"> <ContentPresenter SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding SnapsToDevicePixels}" VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalContentAlignment}" HorizontalAlignment="{TemplateBinding HorizontalContentAlignment}"/> </Border> <Thumb x:Name="PART_TopHeaderGripper" VerticalContentAlignment="Top" VerticalAlignment="Top" Background="Transparent" Style="{StaticResource DefaultRowHeaderGripperStyle}" /> <Thumb x:Name="PART_BottomHeaderGripper" VerticalContentAlignment="Bottom" VerticalAlignment="Bottom" Style="{StaticResource DefaultRowHeaderGripperStyle}" /> </Grid> </ControlTemplate> </Setter.Value> </Setter> </Style> <!--单元格样式--> <Style x:Key="DefaultDataGridCell" TargetType="{x:Type DataGridCell}"> <Setter Property="Background" Value="Transparent" /> <Setter Property="BorderBrush" Value="Transparent" /> <Setter Property="HorizontalContentAlignment" Value="Stretch" /> <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment" Value="Center" /> <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels" Value="True" /> <Setter Property="Padding" Value="0" /> <Setter Property="Template"> <Setter.Value> <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type DataGridCell}"> <Border BorderBrush="{TemplateBinding BorderBrush}" BorderThickness="{TemplateBinding BorderThickness}" Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding SnapsToDevicePixels}"> <ContentPresenter ContentTemplate="{TemplateBinding ContentTemplate}" Content="{TemplateBinding Content}" ContentStringFormat="{TemplateBinding ContentStringFormat}" Margin="{TemplateBinding Padding}" SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding SnapsToDevicePixels}" VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalContentAlignment}" HorizontalAlignment="{TemplateBinding HorizontalContentAlignment}"> </ContentPresenter> </Border> <ControlTemplate.Triggers> <Trigger Property="IsSelected" Value="True"> <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{StaticResource ItemSelectedForeground}" /> </Trigger> </ControlTemplate.Triggers> </ControlTemplate> </Setter.Value> </Setter> </Style> <!--表格DataGrid样式--> <Style x:Key="DefaultDataGrid" TargetType="{x:Type DataGrid}"> <Setter Property="MinRowHeight" Value="25" /> <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource ItemsContentBackground}" /> <Setter Property="BorderBrush" Value="{StaticResource ControlBorderBrush}" /> <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="1" /> <Setter Property="HorizontalGridLinesBrush" Value="{StaticResource GridLinesBrush}" /> <Setter Property="VerticalGridLinesBrush" Value="{StaticResource GridLinesBrush}" /> <Setter Property="ColumnHeaderStyle" Value="{StaticResource DefaultDataGridColumnHeader}" /> <Setter Property="RowHeaderStyle" Value="{StaticResource DefaultDataGridRowHeader}" /> <Setter Property="CellStyle" Value="{StaticResource DefaultDataGridCell}" /> <Setter Property="RowStyle" Value="{StaticResource DefaultDataGridRow}" /> <Setter Property="HeadersVisibility" Value="All" /> <Setter Property="EnableRowVirtualization" Value="True" /> <Setter Property="EnableColumnVirtualization" Value="False" /> <Setter Property="AutoGenerateColumns" Value="False" /> <Setter Property="IsReadOnly" Value="True" /> <Setter Property="SelectionMode" Value="Single" /> <Setter Property="SelectionUnit" Value="FullRow" /> <Setter Property="GridLinesVisibility" Value="All" /> <Setter Property="AlternationCount" Value="2"></Setter> <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll" Value="True" /> <Setter Property="VirtualizingStackPanel.IsVirtualizing" Value="True"></Setter> <Setter Property="VirtualizingStackPanel.VirtualizationMode" Value="Recycling" /> <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.IsDeferredScrollingEnabled" Value="False" /> <!--列头移动列时候分割线样式--> <Setter Property="DropLocationIndicatorStyle"> <Setter.Value> <Style TargetType="Separator"> <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource HeaderBorderBrush}" /> <Setter Property="Width" Value="2.5" /> <Setter Property="Template"> <Setter.Value> <ControlTemplate TargetType="Separator"> <Rectangle Fill="{TemplateBinding Background}" Height="{TemplateBinding Height}" Width="{TemplateBinding Width}" /> </ControlTemplate> </Setter.Value> </Setter> </Style> </Setter.Value> </Setter> <!--DataGrid控件模板--> <Setter Property="Template"> <Setter.Value> <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type DataGrid}"> <Border BorderBrush="{TemplateBinding BorderBrush}" BorderThickness="{TemplateBinding BorderThickness}" x:Name="border" Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" Padding="{TemplateBinding Padding}" SnapsToDevicePixels="True"> <ScrollViewer x:Name="DG_ScrollViewer" Focusable="false"> <ScrollViewer.Template> <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ScrollViewer}"> <Grid> <Grid.ColumnDefinitions> <ColumnDefinition x:Name="col_rowheader" Width="1" /> <ColumnDefinition Width="*" /> <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" /> </Grid.ColumnDefinitions> <Grid.RowDefinitions> <RowDefinition Height="Auto" /> <RowDefinition Height="*" /> <RowDefinition Height="Auto" /> </Grid.RowDefinitions> <!--表格头部--> <DataGridColumnHeadersPresenter x:Name="PART_ColumnHeadersPresenter" Grid.Column="1" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" Visibility="{Binding HeadersVisibility, ConverterParameter={x:Static DataGridHeadersVisibility.Column}, Converter={x:Static DataGrid.HeadersVisibilityConverter}, RelativeSource={RelativeSource AncestorType={x:Type DataGrid}}}" /> <!--主数据区--> <Grid Grid.Row="1" Grid.ColumnSpan="2"> <ScrollContentPresenter x:Name="PART_ScrollContentPresenter" CanContentScroll="{TemplateBinding CanContentScroll}" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" /> </Grid> <!--垂直滑动条--> <ScrollBar x:Name="PART_VerticalScrollBar" Grid.Column="2" Maximum="{TemplateBinding ScrollableHeight}" Orientation="Vertical" Grid.Row="0" Grid.RowSpan="3" Visibility="{TemplateBinding ComputedVerticalScrollBarVisibility}" Value="{Binding VerticalOffset, Mode=OneWay, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" ViewportSize="{TemplateBinding ViewportHeight}" /> <!--横向滑动条--> <ScrollBar x:Name="PART_HorizontalScrollBar" Grid.Column="0" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" Grid.Row="2" Maximum="{TemplateBinding ScrollableWidth}" Orientation="Horizontal" Visibility="{TemplateBinding ComputedHorizontalScrollBarVisibility}" Value="{Binding HorizontalOffset, Mode=OneWay, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" ViewportSize="{TemplateBinding ViewportWidth}" /> </Grid> </ControlTemplate> </ScrollViewer.Template> <ItemsPresenter SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding SnapsToDevicePixels}" /> </ScrollViewer> </Border> <ControlTemplate.Triggers> <Trigger Property="IsEnabled" Value="false"> <Setter Property="Opacity" Value="{StaticResource DisableOpacity}" TargetName="border" /> </Trigger> </ControlTemplate.Triggers> </ControlTemplate> </Setter.Value> </Setter> <Style.Triggers> <Trigger Property="IsGrouping" Value="true"> <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll" Value="false" /> </Trigger> </Style.Triggers> </Style>

最后一个就是DataGrid的样式了,主要是重写定义了滑动条的布局,使得整体效果更加协调,属性AlternationCount可用来设置行交替色,而具体实现交替色是在上面行(DataGridRow)样式中通过触发器实现的。 

使用和原本一样,示例代码:  

 <DataGrid Grid.Row="1" x:Name="gridList" Margin="3" GridLinesVisibility="None" BorderThickness="0"> <DataGrid.Columns> <DataGridTextColumn Width="120" Header="好好学习" Binding="{Binding Name}"></DataGridTextColumn> <DataGridTextColumn Header="Manufacturer" Binding="{Binding Manufacturer}"></DataGridTextColumn> <DataGridTemplateColumn Header="Mode"> <DataGridTemplateColumn.CellTemplate> <DataTemplate> <CheckBox core:ControlAttachProperty.FIconSize="18">选中我啊</CheckBox> </DataTemplate> </DataGridTemplateColumn.CellTemplate> </DataGridTemplateColumn> <DataGridTextColumn Header="Name" Binding="{Binding Name}" Width="300"></DataGridTextColumn> </DataGrid.Columns> </DataGrid>

 三.ListView自定义样式

ListView作为列表控件,可以支持非常灵活的呈现效果,本文实现两种基本的样式效果,在后面的文章会有其他需求扩展的分享,效果图(动态图,有点大):

如上面的效果图,ListView实现了两种基本样式:

    • 类似ListBox的基础列表样式;
    • 支持多列(效果类型DataGrid)的样式;

ListView也是默认支持虚拟化的,也重新定义了滑动条的布局样式,所有样式定义代码:  

 <!--DefaultGridViewScrollViewerStyle--> <Style x:Key="DefaultGridViewScrollViewerStyle" TargetType="{x:Type ScrollViewer}" BasedOn="{StaticResource {x:Static GridView.GridViewScrollViewerStyleKey}}"> <Setter Property="Focusable" Value="false" /> <Setter Property="Template"> <Setter.Value> <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ScrollViewer}"> <Grid Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" SnapsToDevicePixels="true"> <Grid.ColumnDefinitions> <ColumnDefinition Width="*" /> <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" /> </Grid.ColumnDefinitions> <Grid.RowDefinitions> <RowDefinition Height="*" /> <RowDefinition Height="Auto" /> </Grid.RowDefinitions> <DockPanel Margin="{TemplateBinding Padding}"> <ScrollViewer DockPanel.Dock="Top" Focusable="false" HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Hidden" VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Hidden"> <GridViewHeaderRowPresenter AllowsColumnReorder="{Binding TemplatedParent.View.AllowsColumnReorder, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" ColumnHeaderContainerStyle="{Binding TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderContainerStyle, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" ColumnHeaderToolTip="{Binding TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderToolTip, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" ColumnHeaderStringFormat="{Binding TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderStringFormat, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" ColumnHeaderContextMenu="{Binding TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderContextMenu, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" ColumnHeaderTemplate="{Binding TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderTemplate, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" Columns="{Binding TemplatedParent.View.Columns, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" ColumnHeaderTemplateSelector="{Binding TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderTemplateSelector, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" Margin="0" Visibility="Visible" x:Name="PART_Header" Height="auto" SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding SnapsToDevicePixels}" /> </ScrollViewer> <ScrollContentPresenter x:Name="PART_ScrollContentPresenter" CanContentScroll="{TemplateBinding CanContentScroll}" ContentTemplate="{TemplateBinding ContentTemplate}" Content="{TemplateBinding Content}" KeyboardNavigation.DirectionalNavigation="Local" SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding SnapsToDevicePixels}" /> </DockPanel> <ScrollBar x:Name="PART_HorizontalScrollBar" Cursor="Arrow" Maximum="{TemplateBinding ScrollableWidth}" Minimum="0.0" Orientation="Horizontal" Grid.Row="1" Visibility="{TemplateBinding ComputedHorizontalScrollBarVisibility}" Value="{Binding HorizontalOffset, Mode=OneWay, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" ViewportSize="{TemplateBinding ViewportWidth}" /> <ScrollBar x:Name="PART_VerticalScrollBar" Cursor="Arrow" Grid.Column="1" Maximum="{TemplateBinding ScrollableHeight}" Minimum="0.0" Orientation="Vertical" Visibility="{TemplateBinding ComputedVerticalScrollBarVisibility}" Value="{Binding VerticalOffset, Mode=OneWay, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" ViewportSize="{TemplateBinding ViewportHeight}" /> </Grid> <ControlTemplate.Triggers> <DataTrigger Binding="{Binding Columns, ElementName=PART_Header}" Value="{x:Null}"> <Setter Property="Visibility" TargetName="PART_Header" Value="Collapsed"></Setter> </DataTrigger> </ControlTemplate.Triggers> </ControlTemplate> </Setter.Value> </Setter> </Style> <!--DefaultListViewItem--> <Style x:Key="DefaultListViewItem" TargetType="{x:Type ListViewItem}"> <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{StaticResource TextForeground}" /> <Setter Property="HorizontalContentAlignment" Value="Stretch" /> <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment" Value="Center" /> <Setter Property="MinHeight" Value="25" /> <Setter Property="Margin" Value="0" /> <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels" Value="True" /> <Setter Property="Background" Value="Transparent"></Setter> <Setter Property="Padding" Value="3,0,0,0"></Setter> <Setter Property="Template"> <Setter.Value> <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ListViewItem}"> <Border x:Name="Bd" Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" SnapsToDevicePixels="true" Margin="{TemplateBinding Margin}"> <Grid x:Name="PART_Root" Margin="{TemplateBinding Padding}"> <GridViewRowPresenter VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalContentAlignment}" /> <ContentPresenter x:Name="contentPresenter" VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalContentAlignment}" Visibility="Collapsed" /> </Grid> </Border> <ControlTemplate.Triggers> <Trigger Property="GridView.ColumnCollection" Value="{x:Null}"> <Setter TargetName="contentPresenter" Property="Visibility" Value="Visible" /> </Trigger> <Trigger Property="IsSelected" Value="true"> <Setter TargetName="Bd" Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource ItemSelectedBackground}" /> <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{StaticResource ItemSelectedForeground}" /> </Trigger> <Trigger Property="IsMouseOver" Value="True"> <Setter TargetName="Bd" Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource ItemMouseOverBackground}" /> <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{StaticResource ItemMouseOverForeground}" /> </Trigger> <Trigger Property="ItemsControl.AlternationIndex" Value="1"> <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource ItemsAlternationContentBackground}" /> </Trigger> <MultiTrigger> <MultiTrigger.Conditions> <Condition Property="IsSelected" Value="true" /> <Condition Property="Selector.IsSelectionActive" Value="True" /> </MultiTrigger.Conditions> <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource ItemSelectedBackground}" /> <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{StaticResource ItemSelectedForeground}" /> </MultiTrigger> <MultiTrigger> <MultiTrigger.Conditions> <Condition Property="IsEnabled" Value="False" /> <Condition Property="IsSelected" Value="True" /> </MultiTrigger.Conditions> <MultiTrigger.Setters> <Setter TargetName="PART_Root" Property="Opacity" Value="{StaticResource DisableOpacity}" /> </MultiTrigger.Setters> </MultiTrigger> </ControlTemplate.Triggers> </ControlTemplate> </Setter.Value> </Setter> </Style> <!--NonSelectableListViewContainerStyle:无选中状态、支持交替色样式--> <Style x:Key="NonSelectableListViewContainerStyle" TargetType="{x:Type ListViewItem}"> <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{StaticResource TextForeground}" /> <Setter Property="HorizontalContentAlignment" Value="Stretch" /> <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment" Value="Center" /> <Setter Property="MinHeight" Value="25" /> <Setter Property="Margin" Value="0" /> <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels" Value="True" /> <Setter Property="Background" Value="Transparent"></Setter> <Setter Property="Padding" Value="3,0,0,0"></Setter> <Setter Property="Template"> <Setter.Value> <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ListViewItem}"> <Border x:Name="Bd" Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" BorderThickness="{TemplateBinding Border.BorderThickness}" SnapsToDevicePixels="true"> <GridViewRowPresenter VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalContentAlignment}" /> </Border> <ControlTemplate.Triggers> <Trigger Property="IsMouseOver" Value="True"> <Setter TargetName="Bd" Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource ItemMouseOverBackground}" /> <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{StaticResource ItemMouseOverForeground}" /> </Trigger> </ControlTemplate.Triggers> </ControlTemplate> </Setter.Value> </Setter> <Style.Triggers> <Trigger Property="ItemsControl.AlternationIndex" Value="0"> <Setter Property="Background" Value="Transparent" /> </Trigger> <Trigger Property="ItemsControl.AlternationIndex" Value="1"> <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource ItemsAlternationContentBackground}" /> </Trigger> </Style.Triggers> </Style> <!--DefaultListView--> <Style x:Key="DefaultListView" TargetType="{x:Type ListView}"> <Setter Property="BorderBrush" Value="{StaticResource ControlBorderBrush}" /> <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource ItemsContentBackground}" /> <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="1" /> <!--False会关闭虚拟化--> <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll" Value="True" /> <Setter Property="VirtualizingStackPanel.IsVirtualizing" Value="True"></Setter> <Setter Property="VirtualizingStackPanel.VirtualizationMode" Value="Recycling" /> <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.IsDeferredScrollingEnabled" Value="False" /> <Setter Property="AlternationCount" Value="2" /> <!-- Things taken from the original template. --> <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels" Value="true" /> <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle" Value="true" /> <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.HorizontalScrollBarVisibility" Value="Auto" /> <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.VerticalScrollBarVisibility" Value="Auto" /> <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment" Value="Center" /> <Setter Property="SelectionMode" Value="Single" /> <Setter Property="ItemContainerStyle" Value="{StaticResource DefaultListViewItem}"></Setter> <Setter Property="Template"> <Setter.Value> <ControlTemplate TargetType="ListView"> <Border x:Name="Border" Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" BorderBrush="{TemplateBinding BorderBrush}" BorderThickness="{TemplateBinding BorderThickness}" SnapsToDevicePixels="true"> <ScrollViewer Padding="{TemplateBinding Padding}" Style="{StaticResource DefaultGridViewScrollViewerStyle}"> <ItemsPresenter/> </ScrollViewer> </Border> <ControlTemplate.Triggers> <Trigger Property="IsGrouping" Value="true"> <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll" Value="false" /> </Trigger> <Trigger Property="IsEnabled" Value="false"> <Setter TargetName="Border" Property="Opacity" Value="{StaticResource DisableOpacity}" /> </Trigger> </ControlTemplate.Triggers> </ControlTemplate> </Setter.Value> </Setter> </Style> <!--ColumnHeader--> <!--GridViewColumnHeaderGripper--> <Style x:Key="GridViewColumnHeaderGripper" TargetType="Thumb"> <Setter Property="Width" Value="18" /> <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource HeaderBorderBrush}" /> <Setter Property="Template"> <Setter.Value> <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}"> <Border Padding="{TemplateBinding Padding}" Background="Transparent" Margin="0 0 0 2"> <Rectangle Width="1" Fill="{TemplateBinding Background}" HorizontalAlignment="Center" /> </Border> </ControlTemplate> </Setter.Value> </Setter> </Style> <!--DefaultGridViewColumnHeader--> <Style x:Key="DefaultGridViewColumnHeader" TargetType="GridViewColumnHeader"> <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{StaticResource TextForeground}" /> <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource HeaderBackground}"></Setter> <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels" Value="True" /> <Setter Property="HorizontalContentAlignment" Value="Left" /> <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment" Value="Center" /> <Setter Property="Padding" Value="4 2 4 2" /> <Setter Property="MinHeight" Value="26"/> <Setter Property="Height" Value="30"/> <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="0,0,0,3" /> <Setter Property="BorderBrush" Value="{StaticResource HeaderBorderBrush}" /> <Setter Property="Template"> <Setter.Value> <ControlTemplate TargetType="GridViewColumnHeader"> <Grid> <Rectangle Fill="Transparent" IsHitTestVisible="True" /> <Border x:Name="HeaderBorder" Padding="{TemplateBinding Padding}" Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" BorderThickness="{TemplateBinding BorderThickness}" BorderBrush="{TemplateBinding BorderBrush}"> <ContentPresenter x:Name="HeaderContent" Content="{TemplateBinding Content}" ContentTemplate="{TemplateBinding ContentTemplate}" Margin="5,1,5,1" VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalContentAlignment}" HorizontalAlignment="{TemplateBinding HorizontalContentAlignment}" RecognizesAccessKey="True" SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding SnapsToDevicePixels}" /> </Border> <Thumb x:Name="PART_HeaderGripper" HorizontalAlignment="Right" Margin="0,0,-9,0" Style="{StaticResource GridViewColumnHeaderGripper}" /> </Grid> <ControlTemplate.Triggers> <Trigger Property="IsPressed" Value="true"> <Setter TargetName="HeaderContent" Property="Margin" Value="6,1,6,1" /> </Trigger> <Trigger Property="IsEnabled" Value="false"> <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{DynamicResource {x:Static SystemColors.GrayTextBrushKey}}" /> </Trigger> </ControlTemplate.Triggers> </ControlTemplate> </Setter.Value> </Setter> <Setter Property="ContentTemplate"> <Setter.Value> <DataTemplate> <TextBlock TextBlock.FontWeight="SemiBold" Text="{Binding}" /> </DataTemplate> </Setter.Value> </Setter> <Style.Triggers> <!--Floating 的 Role 值标识当前是拖放操作的对象的列--> <Trigger Property="Role" Value="Floating"> <Setter Property="Opacity" Value="0.7" /> <Setter Property="Template"> <Setter.Value> <ControlTemplate TargetType="GridViewColumnHeader"> <Canvas Name="PART_FloatingHeaderCanvas"> <Rectangle Fill="#60000000" Width="{TemplateBinding ActualWidth}" Height="{TemplateBinding ActualHeight}" /> </Canvas> </ControlTemplate> </Setter.Value> </Setter> </Trigger> </Style.Triggers> </Style>

使用示例:  

 <ListView Grid.Row="1" x:Name="gridList0" Style="{StaticResource DefaultListView}" Margin="3" > <!--<ListViewItem>2222</ListViewItem> <ListViewItem>2222</ListViewItem> <ListViewItem>2222</ListViewItem> <ListViewItem>2222</ListViewItem>--> </ListView> <ListView Margin="3" Grid.Row="2" x:Name="gridList" Style="{StaticResource DefaultListView}" AlternationCount="1"> <ListView.View> <GridView ColumnHeaderContainerStyle="{StaticResource DefaultGridViewColumnHeader}"> <GridViewColumn Header="Name" DisplayMemberBinding="{Binding Name}" Width="auto"></GridViewColumn> <GridViewColumn Header="Manufacturer" DisplayMemberBinding="{Binding Manufacturer}" Width="200"></GridViewColumn> <GridViewColumn Header="Mode" DisplayMemberBinding="{Binding Mode}" Width="200"></GridViewColumn> <GridViewColumn Header="Name" Width="auto"> <GridViewColumn.CellTemplate> <DataTemplate> <CheckBox Content="{Binding Name}"></CheckBox> </DataTemplate> </GridViewColumn.CellTemplate> </GridViewColumn> </GridView> </ListView.View> </ListView>

 

附录:参考引用

 WPF自定义控件与样式(1)-矢量字体图标(iconfont)

WPF自定义控件与样式(2)-自定义按钮FButton

WPF自定义控件与样式(3)-TextBox & RichTextBox & PasswordBox样式、水印、Label标签、功能扩展

WPF自定义控件与样式(4)-CheckBox/RadioButton自定义样式

WPF自定义控件与样式(5)-Calendar/DatePicker日期控件自定义样式及扩展

WPF自定义控件与样式(6)-ScrollViewer与ListBox自定义样式

 

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