Install MySQL on MacOS

来源:转载



最近在家想写的东西,在MacOS上需要使用到MySQL。在MacOS下,使用brew来安装软件是最便捷。关于brew是什么,可在brew官网查看: brew官网


安装:


➜ ~ brew info mysql
mysql: stable 5.7.18 (bottled)
Open source relational database management system
......
➜ ~ brew install mysql


mysql的安装过程会显示,注,我安装的5.7.18,目录为 /usr/local/Cellar/mysql/5.7.18_1


==> /usr/local/Cellar/mysql/5.7.18_1/bin/mysqld –initialize-insecure –user=xiao –basedir=/usr/local/Cellar/mysql/5.7.18_1 –datadir=/usr/local/var/mysql –t
.....
We’ve installed your MySQL database without a root password. To secure it run:
mysql_secure_installation

这说明MySQL已安装成功,必需要使用mysql_secure_installation来初始化用户密码:


➜ ~ mysql.server start
Starting MySQL
SUCCESS!
➜ ~ mysql_secure_installation
Securing the MySQL server deployment.
Connecting to MySQL using a blank password.
......

按英文提示一步步设置password validation policy与password等。


测试,输入mysql_secure_installation设置过程的密码:


➜ ~ mysql -u root –p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or g.
Your MySQL connection id is 6
Server version: 5.7.18 Homebrew
......

新增用户xiao,密码为123456,并赋所有权限给他:


mysql>use mysql;
mysql>GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'xiao'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY '123456' WITH GRANT OPTION;
mysql>flush privileges;

如果想设置开机启动MySQL,执行如下命令:


➜ ~ mkdir -p ~/Library/LaunchAgents
➜ ~ cp /usr/local/Cellar/mysql/5.7.18_1/homebrew.mxcl.mysql.plist ~/Library/LaunchAgents/
➜ ~ launchctl load -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.mysql.plist

使用命令行来操作MySQL不方便,推荐使用Navicat MySQL/Preminum软件。软件安装包在网上搜索吧。


参考:



[1] https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/mysql-secure-installation.html

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