HTML特殊字符显示

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HTML字符实体(Character Entities)

有些字符在HTML里有特别的含义,比如小于号<就表示HTML Tag的开始,这个小于号是不显示在我们最终看到的网页里的。那如果我们希望在网页中显示一个小于号,该怎么办呢?

这就要说到HTML字符实体(HTML Character Entities)了。

一个字符实体(Character Entity)分成三部分:第一部分是一个&符号,英文叫ampersand;第二部分是实体(Entity)名字或者是#加上实体(Entity)编号;第三部分是一个分号。

比如,要显示小于号,就可以写&lt;或者&#60;。

用实体(Entity)名字的好处是比较好理解,一看lt,大概就猜出是less than的意思,但是其劣势在于并不是所有的浏览器都支持最新的Entity名字。而实体(Entity)编号,各种浏览器都能处理。

注意:Entity是区分大小写的。

 

如何显示空格

通常情况下,HTML会自动截去多余的空格。不管你加多少空格,都被看做一个空格。比如你在两个字之间加了10个空格,HTML会截去9个空格,只保留一个。为了在网页中增加空格,你可以使用&nbsp;表示空格。

 

最常用的字符实体(Character Entities)

 

显示结果

说明

Entity Name

Entity Number

 

显示一个空格

&nbsp;

&#160;

<

小于

&lt;

&#60;

>

大于

&gt;

&#62;

&

&符号

&amp;

&#38;

"

双引号

&quot;

&#34;

 

其他常用的字符实体(Character Entities)

显示结果

说明

Entity Name

Entity Number

©

版权

&copy;

&#169;

®

注册商标

&reg;

&#174;

×

乘号

&times;

&#215;

÷

除号

&divide;

&#247;

更多字符实体(Character Entities)

字符

十进制字符编号

实体名字

说明

---

&#00;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#01;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#02;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#03;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#04;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#05;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#06;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#07;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#08;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#09;

---

制表符Horizontal tab

---

&#10;

---

换行Line feed

---

&#11;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#12;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#13;

---

回车Carriage Return

---

&#14;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#15;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#16;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#17;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#18;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#19;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#20;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#21;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#22;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#23;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#24;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#25;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#26;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#27;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#28;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#29;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#30;

---

未使用Unused

---

&#31;

---

未使用Unused

 

&#32;

---

Space

!

&#33;

---

惊叹号Exclamation mark

"

&#34;

&quot;

双引号Quotation mark

#

&#35;

---

数字标志Number sign

$

&#36;

---

美元标志Dollar sign

%

&#37;

---

百分号Percent sign

&

&#38;

&amp;

Ampersand

'

&#39;

---

单引号Apostrophe

(

&#40;

---

小括号左边部分Left parenthesis

)

&#41;

---

小括号右边部分Right parenthesis

*

&#42;

---

星号Asterisk

+

&#43;

---

加号Plus sign

,

&#44;

---

逗号Comma

-

&#45;

---

连字号Hyphen

.

&#46;

---

句号Period (fullstop)

/

&#47;

---

斜杠Solidus (slash)

0

&#48;

---

数字0 Digit 0

1

&#49;

---

数字1 Digit 1

2

&#50;

---

数字2 Digit 2

3

&#51;

---

数字3 Digit 3

4

&#52;

---

数字4 Digit 4

5

&#53;

---

数字5 Digit 5

6

&#54;

---

数字6 Digit 6

7

&#55;

---

数字7 Digit 7

8

&#56;

---

数字8 Digit 8

9

&#57;

---

数字9 Digit 9

:

&#58;

---

冒号Colon

;

&#59;

---

分号Semicolon

<

&#60;

&lt;

小于号Less than

=

&#61;

---

等于符号Equals sign

>

&#62;

&gt;

大于号Greater than

?

&#63;

---

问号Question mark

@

&#64;

---

Commercial at

A

&#65;

---

大写A Capital A

B

&#66;

---

大写B Capital B

C

&#67;

---

大写C Capital C

D

&#68;

---

大写D Capital D

E

&#69;

---

大写E Capital E

F

&#70;

---

大写F Capital F

G

&#71;

---

大写G Capital G

H

&#72;

---

大写H Capital H

I

&#73;

---

大写J Capital I

J

&#74;

---

大写K Capital J

K

&#75;

---

大写L Capital K

L

&#76;

---

大写K Capital L

M

&#77;

---

大写M Capital M

N

&#78;

---

大写N Capital N

O

&#79;

---

大写O Capital O

P

&#80;

---

大写P Capital P

Q

&#81;

---

大写Q Capital Q

R

&#82;

---

大写R Capital R

S

&#83;

---

大写S Capital S

T

&#84;

---

大写T Capital T

U

&#85;

---

大写U Capital U

V

&#86;

---

大写V Capital V

W

&#87;

---

大写W Capital W

X

&#88;

---

大写X Capital X

Y

&#89;

---

大写Y Capital Y

Z

&#90;

---

大写Z Capital Z

[

&#91;

---

中括号左边部分Left square bracket

\

&#92;

---

反斜杠Reverse solidus (backslash)

]

&#93;

---

中括号右边部分Right square bracket

^

&#94;

---

Caret

_

&#95;

---

下划线Horizontal bar (underscore)

`

&#96;

---

尖重音符Acute accent

a

&#97;

---

小写a Small a

b

&#98;

---

小写b Small b

c

&#99;

---

小写c Small c

d

&#100;

---

小写d Small d

e

&#101;

---

小写e Small e

f

&#102;

---

小写f Small f

g

&#103;

---

小写g Small g

h

&#104;

---

小写h Small h

i

&#105;

---

小写i Small i

j

&#106;

---

小写j Small j

k

&#107;

---

小写k Small k

l

&#108;

---

小写l Small l

m

&#109;

---

小写m Small m

n

&#110;

---

小写n Small n

o

&#111;

---

小写o Small o

p

&#112;

---

小写p Small p

q

&#113;

---

小写q Small q

r

&#114;

---

小写r Small r

s

&#115;

---

小写s Small s

t

&#116;

---

小写t Small t

u

&#117;

---

小写u Small u

v

&#118;

---

小写v Small v

w

&#119;

---

小写w Small w

x

&#120;

---

小写x Small x

y

&#121;

---

小写y Small y

z

&#122;

---

小写z Small z

{

&#123;

---

大括号左边部分Left curly brace

|

&#124;

---

竖线Vertical bar

}

&#125;

---

大括号右边部分Right curly brace

~

&#126;

---

Tilde

---

&#127;

---

未使用Unused

 

&#160;

&nbsp;

空格Nonbreaking space

¡

&#161;

&iexcl;

Inverted exclamation

¢

&#162;

&cent;

货币分标志Cent sign

£

&#163;

&pound;

英镑标志Pound sterling

¤

&#164;

&curren;

通用货币标志General currency sign

¥

&#165;

&yen;

日元标志Yen sign

¦

&#166;

&brvbar; or &brkbar;

断竖线Broken vertical bar

§

&#167;

&sect;

分节号Section sign

¨

&#168;

&uml; or &die;

变音符号Umlaut

©

&#169;

&copy;

版权标志Copyright

ª

&#170;

&ordf;

Feminine ordinal

«

&#171;

&laquo;

Left angle quote, guillemet left

¬

&#172;

&not

Not sign

 

&#173;

&shy;

Soft hyphen

®

&#174;

&reg;

注册商标标志Registered trademark

¯

&#175;

&macr; or &hibar;

长音符号Macron accent

°

&#176;

&deg;

度数标志Degree sign

±

&#177;

&plusmn;

加或减Plus or minus

²

&#178;

&sup2;

上标2 Superscript two

³

&#179;

&sup3;

上标3 Superscript three

´

&#180;

&acute;

尖重音符Acute accent

µ

&#181;

&micro;

Micro sign

&#182;

&para;

Paragraph sign

·

&#183;

&middot;

Middle dot

¸

&#184;

&cedil;

Cedilla

¹

&#185;

&sup1;

上标1 Superscript one

º

&#186;

&ordm;

Masculine ordinal

»

&#187;

&raquo;

Right angle quote, guillemet right

¼

&#188;

&frac14;

四分之一Fraction one-fourth

½

&#189;

&frac12;

二分之一Fraction one-half

¾

&#190;

&frac34;

四分之三Fraction three-fourths

¿

&#191;

&iquest;

Inverted question mark

À

&#192;

&Agrave;

Capital A, grave accent

Á

&#193;

&Aacute;

Capital A, acute accent

Â

&#194;

&Acirc;

Capital A, circumflex

Ã

&#195;

&Atilde;

Capital A, tilde

Ä

&#196;

&Auml;

Capital A, di?esis / umlaut

Å

&#197;

&Aring;

Capital A, ring

Æ

&#198;

&AElig;

Capital AE ligature

Ç

&#199;

&Ccedil;

Capital C, cedilla

È

&#200;

&Egrave;

Capital E, grave accent

É

&#201;

&Eacute;

Capital E, acute accent

Ê

&#202;

&Ecirc;

Capital E, circumflex

Ë

&#203;

&Euml;

Capital E, di?esis / umlaut

Ì

&#204;

&Igrave;

Capital I, grave accent

Í

&#205;

&Iacute;

Capital I, acute accent

Î

&#206;

&Icirc;

Capital I, circumflex

Ï

&#207;

&Iuml;

Capital I, di?esis / umlaut

Ð

&#208;

&ETH;

Capital Eth, Icelandic

Ñ

&#209;

&Ntilde;

Capital N, tilde

Ò

&#210;

&Ograve;

Capital O, grave accent

Ó

&#211;

&Oacute;

Capital O, acute accent

Ô

&#212;

&Ocirc;

Capital O, circumflex

Õ

&#213;

&Otilde;

Capital O, tilde

Ö

&#214;

&Ouml;

Capital O, di?esis / umlaut

×

&#215;

&times;

乘号Multiply sign

Ø

&#216;

&Oslash;

Capital O, slash

Ù

&#217;

&Ugrave;

Capital U, grave accent

Ú

&#218;

&Uacute;

Capital U, acute accent

Û

&#219;

&Ucirc;

Capital U, circumflex

Ü

&#220;

&Uuml;

Capital U, di?esis / umlaut

Ý

&#221;

&Yacute;

Capital Y, acute accent

Þ

&#222;

&THORN;

Capital Thorn, Icelandic

ß

&#223;

&szlig;

Small sharp s, German sz

à

&#224;

&agrave;

Small a, grave accent

á

&#225;

&aacute;

Small a, acute accent

â

&#226;

&acirc;

Small a, circumflex

ã

&#227;

&atilde;

Small a, tilde

ä

&#228;

&auml;

Small a, di?esis / umlaut

å

&#229;

&aring;

Small a, ring

æ

&#230;

&aelig;

Small ae ligature

ç

&#231;

&ccedil;

Small c, cedilla

è

&#232;

&egrave;

Small e, grave accent

é

&#233;

&eacute;

Small e, acute accent

ê

&#234;

&ecirc;

Small e, circumflex

ë

&#235;

&euml;

Small e, di?esis / umlaut

ì

&#236;

&igrave;

Small i, grave accent

í

&#237;

&iacute;

Small i, acute accent

î

&#238;

&icirc;

Small i, circumflex

ï

&#239;

&iuml;

Small i, di?esis / umlaut

ð

&#240;

&eth;

Small eth, Icelandic

ñ

&#241;

&ntilde;

Small n, tilde

ò

&#242;

&ograve;

Small o, grave accent

ó

&#243;

&oacute;

Small o, acute accent

ô

&#244;

&ocirc;

Small o, circumflex

õ

&#245;

&otilde;

Small o, tilde

ö

&#246;

&ouml;

Small o, di?esis / umlaut

÷

&#247;

&divide;

除号Division sign

ø

&#248;

&oslash;

Small o, slash

ù

&#249;

&ugrave;

Small u, grave accent

ú

&#250;

&uacute;

Small u, acute accent

û

&#251;

&ucirc;

Small u, circumflex

ü

&#252;

&uuml;

Small u, di?esis / umlaut

ý

&#253;

&yacute;

Small y, acute accent

þ

&#254;

&thorn;

Small thorn, Icelandic

ÿ

&#255;

&yuml;

Small y, umlaut


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